Constellation Perseus (Hero)

Perseus
Perseus: IAU Constellation Map [150]

Properties

Perseus lies east of Andromeda and southeast of Cassiopeia. The band of the Milky Way runs through this constellation and is darkened there by a large cloud of dust. Despite its glorious legend, Perseus is a figuratively difficult to understand constellation. The most striking is the small, elongated group of stars around Algenib. To the south of this is the bright, short-period variable star Algol, which is therefore also called devil's eye and represents the severed Medusa head. The area of the constellation is 615 square degrees and the center culminates around midnight on November 7th. [9, 15]

Stars with Proper Names:

  • α Persei: Mirphak, Mirfak, Marfak, Algenib
  • β Persei: Algol, Gorgona, Gorgonea Prima, Demon Star, El Ghoul
  • η Persei: Miram
  • ξ Persei: Menkib, Menkhib, Menchib
  • ο Persei: Atik, Ati, Al Atik
  • π Persei: Gorgonea Secunda
  • ρ Persei: Gorgonea Tertia
  • ω Persei: Gorgonea Quarta
Data for constellation Perseus [150]
IAU NamePerseus
IAU GenitivePersei
IAU Abbr.Per
English NameHero
Season (47° N)August … March
Right Ascension1h 29m 38s … 4h 51m 22s
Declination30° 55' 19" … 59° 06' 17"
Area615 deg2
Neighbours (N↻)Cas, And, Tri, Ari, Tau, Aur, Cam

Deep-Sky Object Descriptions

Mythology and History

Akrisios was the king of Argos and had a lovely daughter named Danae. The Oracle of Delphi prophesied that his grandson would one day kill him. For fear of this oracle, Akrisios had his daughter Danae locked in a tower so that she could not receive a husband. Of course, Akrisios could not have known that Zeus himself wanted to approach the lovely Danae. Zeus did this too and took the form of a golden rain that penetrated through the walls, joints, cracks and windows. Danae gave birth to a son, who was called "The one who emerged from flowing gold" or "The one who was born in gold" - Perseus. Akrisios didn’t keep this hidden for long, of course, and had his daughter and grandchild nailed into a box, which was then thrown into the sea.

Danae and Perseus drifted for a long time until they finally stranded on the coast of the stony island of Seriphos and were freed from their prison. On this island, Polydektes ruled, who soon campaigned for the beautiful Danae for years, but in vain. Either to force Danae into marriage after all, or to get Perseus out of the way, he sent Danae's son, who had meanwhile grown into a youth, to do a deadly task. He should get the head of Medusa.

Medusa was one of the Gorgons, one of the three daughters of Phorkys, who were equipped with snake hair and could cast a petrifying look. Two of these daughters were immortal, while Medusa was mortal. This father also had three other daughters, the Graien, "the ancient ones", who all together had only one eye and one tooth, which they had to borrow alternately if needed.

With the help of Hermes' winged shoes, the hat of Hades, which spread the impenetrable night, and the sickle sword of the limping fire and blacksmith god Hephaestus, Perseus succeeded in overcoming the Graien. He took away their only eye when the second of the three sisters wanted to see something. The way was cleared and he penetrated the Gorgons with the Hades cap pulled over his head. Perseus was careful not to look directly at Medusa, but only to look at her reflection in his polished shield - otherwise he would have immediately turned to stone. In this way he managed to behead Medusa, who was pregnant by Poseidon. The winged horse Pegasus then rose from the dead body. Even the grown-up warrior Chrysaor with a golden sword in hand emerged from her dead body. Perseus put the Gorgon head, which was still dripping with blood, into the magic sack and escaped with the help of the Hades cap, which spread deep darkness all around.

Perseus passed the coast of Ethiopia on his way back. There was the beautiful Andromeda - the daughter of the queen Kassiopeia and the king Kepheus - helpless and almost naked, only wearing a few pieces of jewelry, chained to a rock. A dreadful sea monster approached her with the intention of devouring her. Perseus immediately fell in love with the beautiful princess. He seized the opportunity and asked Andromedas father, King Cepheus of Ethiopia, that Hand of his daughter and a kingdom of her own to save her. He agreed, fearing for his daughter's life. Then Perseus put on his winged shoes and hurried through the air in the direction of sea monsters. Everything he did was designed to get this girl's attention to himself. The liberation took place only armed with the sword. [20] More common, however, is the variant in which he took Medusa's head out of the sack and petrified the sea monster into a rock in the sea. [66]

Perseus hurried back to his home island Seriphos and appeared in front of Polydectes. He shouted: "Here is your present!" and held up Medusa's head. Instantly the king and his followers froze to stone. Perseus returned to his lover Andromeda and married her. Both lived long and happily and had many children. One of her great-grandchildren was Hercules. When Perseus died, he was granted a place under the stars in the sky: his sword stretched up and the diabolical head of Medusa held in the other hand, so that she might look upon humanity for all time. [66]

Some names like Perseus, Perseus et Caput Medusae, Victor Gorgonei monstri, Gorgonifer are reminiscent of the story and Bearer of Medusa Head. This star formation was also transformed into biblically oriented images such as David with the head of Goliath and Apostle Paul with sword and book. [20]

Catalogs

Yale Bright Star Catalogue, 5th Revised Ed. (Hoffleit+, 1991) [154]
HR B F RA [hms] Dec [dms] vMag spType dMag Sep ["]
496φ01 43 39.6+50 41 194.07 B2Vep
533101 51 59.3+55 08 515.52 B1.5V
536201 52 09.4+50 47 345.79 B9IIIpHgMn
568301 58 33.6+49 12 155.69 K0IV
590402 02 18.1+54 29 155.04 B8III
627502 11 29.0+57 38 456.36 B5Ia 6.960.0
661802 17 59.9+57 53 595.75 K3III
662702 18 04.5+57 31 005.98 G7III 2.6121.9
685902 22 21.4+55 50 445.17 A2Ia v7.811.6
6961002 25 16.0+56 36 366.25 B2Ia e
7851102 43 02.8+55 06 215.77 B7IIIpHg
7881202 42 14.9+40 11 384.91 F9V 0.30.1
799θ1302 44 12.0+49 13 424.12 F8V 5.619.6
8001402 44 05.2+44 17 495.43 G0Ib-IICa1CH-1
834η1502 50 41.8+55 53 443.76 K3-Ib-IIa e4.728.3
8401602 50 35.1+38 19 074.23 F2III 4.7249.3
8431702 51 30.8+35 03 354.53 K5+III
854τ1802 54 15.5+52 45 453.95 G4III+A4V 8.651.7
8552002 53 42.6+38 20 155.33 F4IV 0.60.2
8732102 57 17.3+31 56 035.11 B9pSi v
879π2202 58 45.7+39 39 464.70 A2Vn
8822402 59 03.7+35 10 594.93 K2III
915γ2303 04 47.8+53 30 232.93 G8III+A2V 8.657.0
921ρ2503 05 10.6+38 50 253.39 M4II
936β2603 08 10.1+40 57 202.12 B8V 8.381.9
937ι03 09 04.0+49 36 484.05 G0V 8.2146.2
941κ2703 09 29.8+44 51 263.80 K0III 8.427.7
947ω2803 11 17.4+39 36 424.63 K1III 6.1177.4
9823003 17 47.4+44 01 305.47 B8V
9872903 18 37.8+50 13 205.15 B3V
9893103 19 07.6+50 05 425.03 B5V
10023203 21 26.5+43 19 464.95 A3V
1017α3303 24 19.4+49 51 401.79 F5Ib 10.0167.0
10443403 29 22.1+49 30 324.67 B3V 2.10.8
1052σ3503 30 34.5+47 59 434.36 K3III
10693603 32 26.3+46 03 255.31 F4III
1087ψ3703 36 29.4+48 11 344.23 B5Ve v
1122δ3903 42 55.5+47 47 153.01 B5IIIe t7.399.1
11234003 42 22.5+33 57 544.97 B0.5V 5.020.0
1131ο3803 44 19.1+32 17 183.83 B1III 2.81.0
1135ν4103 45 11.6+42 34 433.77 F5II 8.131.4
11774203 49 32.6+33 05 295.11 A3V
1203ζ4403 54 07.9+31 53 012.85 B1Ib 6.512.9
12104303 56 36.5+50 41 435.28 F5IV 4.875.3
1220ε4503 57 51.2+40 00 372.89 B0.5V+A2V 5.18.8
1228ξ4603 58 57.9+35 47 284.04 O7.5III(n)((f)) e
1261λ4704 06 35.0+50 21 054.29 A0IVn
12734804 08 39.7+47 42 454.04 B3Ve
12774904 08 15.3+37 43 406.09 K1III
12785004 08 36.6+38 02 235.51 F7V
1303μ5104 14 53.9+48 24 344.14 G0Ib 6.083.8
13065204 14 53.3+40 29 014.71 G5Ib+A2V
13435404 20 24.6+34 34 004.93 G8III 7.9110.0
13505304 21 33.2+46 29 564.85 B4IV
13775504 24 29.2+34 07 505.73 B8V
13795604 24 37.4+33 57 355.76 F4V 3.64.9
14345704 33 24.9+43 03 506.09 F0V 0.7116.2
14545804 36 41.4+41 15 534.25 K4III+A3V 0.1
14945904 42 54.3+43 21 545.29 A1Vn

«Revised New General Catalogue and Index Catalogue», Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke, 2021 [277]
NameRADecTypeBmagVmagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification
NGC 650 01 42 18.1+51 34 17PN12.210.13.12vB, p of D nebM 76, PK 130-10.1, CS=17.0, Little Dumbbell (SW)
NGC 651 01 42 22.0+51 34 50PN12.210.11.08vB, f of D nebM 76, PK 130-10.1, CS=17.0, Little Dumbbell (NE)
NGC 744 01 58 33.0+55 28 24OCL (IV2p)7.95.00Cl, pL, pRi, iF, st 11…13OCL 345
NGC 832 03 11 05.4+35 23 11Gx (E2)13.912.91.60 × 1.3F, vS, * 9·10 spNGC 1226, UGC 2575, MCG 6-8-1, CGCG 525-2, CGCG 524-61
NGC 869 02 19 04.0+57 08 06OCL (I3r)5.318.00! Cl, vvL, vRi, st 7…14OCL 350, Chi Per, Double cluster
NGC 884 02 22 05.0+57 07 48OCL (I3r)6.118.00! Cl, vL, vRi, ruby * MOCL 353, Chi Per, Double cluster
NGC 957 02 33 21.0+57 33 36OCL (III2p)7.610.00Cl, pL, pRi, st 13…15OCL 362
NGC 1001 02 39 12.6+41 40 18Gx (Sbc)15.614.80.70 × 0.3vF, vSMCG 7-6-50, CGCG 539-69
NGC 1003 02 39 16.6+40 52 22Gx (Sc)12.011.54.30 × 1.3pF, L, E 90° ±, mbM, rUGC 2137, MCG 7-6-51, CGCG 539-70, IRAS 02360+4039
NGC 1005 02 39 27.6+41 29 36Gx (E-S0)14.813.81.00 × 0.8vF, vSMCG 7-6-52, CGCG 539-71
NGC 1023 02 40 24.1+39 03 48Gx (E/SB0)10.49.47.40 × 2.5vB, vL, vmE, vvmbMUGC 2154, MCG 6-6-73, CGCG 523-83, Arp 135
NGC 1023 A02 40 36.9+39 03 37Gx (IBm)14.313.61.30 × 0.7vB, vL, vmE, vvmbMArp 135
NGC 1039 02 42 05.0+42 45 42OCL (II3m)5.225.00Cl, B, vL, lC, sc st 9M 34, OCL 382
NGC 1040 102 43 12.5+41 30 01Gx (S0)13.912.91.70 × 0.8F, S, bMNGC 1053-1, UGC 2187, MCG 7-6-60, CGCG 539-83
NGC 1040 202 43 12.1+41 30 54Gx (S0)16.315.30.40 × 0.2F, S, bMNGC 1053-2, NPM1G +41.0081
NGC 1050 02 42 35.6+34 45 51Gx (SBa)13.512.61.70 × 1.1F, S, * 18 inv nUGC 2178, MCG 6-6-78, CGCG 523-92, IRAS 02395+3433, KUG 0239+345, KARA 116, CGCG 524-1
NGC 1053 102 43 12.5+41 30 01S013.912.91.70 × 0.8vF, vS, lE, 3 or 4 st in line nrNGC 1040-1, UGC 2187, MCG 7-6-60, CGCG 539-83
NGC 1053 202 43 12.1+41 30 54S016.315.30.40 × 0.2vF, vS, lE, 3 or 4 st in line nrNGC 1040-2, NPM1G +41.0081
NGC 1058 02 43 29.9+37 20 29Gx (Sc)11.811.22.50 × 2.5pF, cL, R, glbMUGC 2193, MCG 6-7-1, CGCG 524-5, IRAS 02403+3707, CGCG 523-96, KUG 0240+371
NGC 1077 A02 46 00.6+40 05 24Gx (Sb)14.413.61.10 × 0.8vF, pL, EUGC 2230, MCG 7-6-69, CGCG 539-95, IRAS 02428+3952
NGC 1077 B02 46 02.9+40 05 36Gx (SBb)17.116.30.50 × 0.4vF, pL, EMCG 7-6-68, CGCG 539-95
NGC 1086 02 47 56.2+41 14 48Gx (Sc)13.512.81.50 × 1.0vF, pS, D * nrUGC 2258, MCG 7-6-71, CGCG 539-101, IRAS 02447+4102
NGC 1106 02 50 40.5+41 40 20Gx (S0)13.312.31.30 × 1.0vF, vS, vF * att sUGC 2322, MCG 7-6-76, CGCG 539-112, IRAS 02474+4127
NGC 1122 02 52 51.2+42 12 19SBb12.912.11.80 × 1.3vF, pS, R, * nr nNGC 1123, UGC 2353, MCG 7-6-83, CGCG 539-117, IRAS 02496+4200
NGC 1123 02 52 51.2+42 12 19Gx (SBb)12.912.11.80 × 1.3cF, S, iR, vgbM, rNGC 1122, UGC 2353, MCG 7-6-83, CGCG 539-117, IRAS 02496+4200
NGC 1129 02 54 27.3+41 34 47Gx (E3)13.512.42.90 × 2.1cF, pS, iR, vglbM, D or F * spUGC 2373, MCG 7-7-4, CGCG 539-124, VV 85, CGCG 540-6
NGC 1130 02 54 24.5+41 36 22Gx (C)16.115.10.50 × 0.3eF, eSMCG 7-7-2, CGCG 539-122, CGCG 540-4
NGC 1131 02 54 34.0+41 33 33Gx (E0)15.614.60.40 × 0.4eF, eSMCG 7-7-5, CGCG 539-125, CGCG 540-7, 5ZW 286
NGC 1138 02 56 36.3+43 02 50Gx (SB0)13.812.81.10 × 1.1vF, vS, R, gbM, 2 S st ΔUGC 2408, MCG 7-7-12, CGCG 540-15
NGC 1146 02 57 41.0+46 25 03*2Cl, vS, vF + neb
NGC 1159 03 00 46.4+43 09 46Gx (S0)14.513.50.50 × 0.4vF, S, R, vlbMUGC 2467, CGCG 540-23, IRAS 02575+4257
NGC 1160 03 01 13.2+44 57 20Gx (Scd)13.512.81.50 × 0.7F, EUGC 2475, MCG 7-7-14, CGCG 540-27, KCPG 86A, IRAS 02579+4445
NGC 1161 03 01 14.1+44 53 51Gx (S0)12.111.02.80 × 2.0F, pS, lE, sbMUGC 2474, MCG 7-7-15, CGCG 540-26, KCPG 86B, IRAS 02579+4442
NGC 1164 03 01 59.8+42 35 08Gx (SBab)13.913.11.30 × 1.1eF, vSUGC 2490, MCG 7-7-16, MK 1067, IRAS 02587+4223, CGCG 540-28, NPM1G +42.0105
NGC 1167 03 01 42.3+35 12 21Gx (S0)13.412.43.30 × 2.3vF, pL, R, spmbMUGC 2487, MCG 6-7-33, CGCG 524-45
NGC 1169 03 03 34.8+46 23 11Gx (SBb)12.211.34.00 × 2.6pF, pS, iF, sbMUGC 2503, MCG 8-6-25, CGCG 554-20
NGC 1171 03 03 58.9+43 23 52Gx (Sc)13.012.31.90 × 1.0vF, pL, iFUGC 2510, MCG 7-7-18, CGCG 540-31, IRAS 03006+4312
NGC 1173 03 03 57.7+42 23 01NFeF, vS, stellar Nucl
NGC 1174 03 05 30.9+42 50 08SBbc12.211.43.20 × 1.2pF, pS, lE, pB * close fNGC 1186, UGC 2521, MCG 7-7-21, CGCG 540-34, IRAS 03022+4238
NGC 1175 03 04 32.3+42 20 25Gx (S0-a)13.912.91.90 × 0.7F, cL, EUGC 2515, MCG 7-7-19, CGCG 540-32
NGC 1176 03 04 34.8+42 23 38** 13 in vF neb
NGC 1177 03 04 37.2+42 21 46Gx (S)15.414.60.40 × 0.4vF, S, R, nf II 607IC 281, MCG 7-7-20, CGCG 540-33
NGC 1178 03 04 38.7+42 18 51*13.8* 13 in vF neb (?)
NGC 1183 03 04 46.1+42 22 10*13.9* 13 inv in neb
NGC 1186 03 05 30.9+42 50 08Gx (SBbc)12.211.43.20 × 1.2F * with neb appendagesNGC 1174, UGC 2521, MCG 7-7-21, CGCG 540-34, IRAS 03022+4238
NGC 1193 03 05 55.0+44 23 00OCL (II3m)12.63.00F, cL, erOCL 390
NGC 1197 03 06 14.1+44 03 40NFpF, pS, cE, sev vF st nr
NGC 1198 03 06 13.3+41 50 56Gx (E-S0)13.512.51.40 × 0.8Neb * 11IC 282, UGC 2533, MCG 7-7-24, CGCG 540-38
NGC 1207 03 08 15.4+38 22 56Gx (Sb)13.512.72.30 × 1.6cF, vS, R, psb in npp endUGC 2548, MCG 6-7-43, CGCG 524-55, KCPG 87, IRAS 03050+3811
NGC 1212 03 09 42.3+40 53 35Gx (S0-a)15.514.61.00 × 0.5eF, S, R, Algol nrIC 1883, UGC 2560
NGC 1213 03 09 17.3+38 38 57Gx (Sd)15.014.41.80 × 1.4eF, lE, * close n, difficIC 1881, UGC 2557, MCG 6-7-45, CGCG 524-58
NGC 1220 03 11 40.6+53 20 53OCL (II2p)11.82.00Cl, vS, st vFOCL 380
NGC 1224 03 11 13.5+41 21 48Gx (E-S0)15.014.01.00 × 0.8eF, vS, RUGC 2578, MCG 7-7-34, CGCG 540-55
NGC 1226 03 11 05.4+35 23 11E213.912.91.60 × 1.3F, vS, R, bMNGC 832, UGC 2575, MCG 6-8-1, CGCG 525-2, CGCG 524-61
NGC 1227 03 11 07.8+35 19 31Gx (SB0-a)15.114.21.00 × 0.9vF, vSUGC 2577, CGCG 525-3, CGCG 524-62
NGC 1233 03 12 33.1+39 19 09Gx (Sb)14.013.21.80 × 0.6F, vS, R, diffNGC 1235, UGC 2586, MCG 6-8-3, IRAS 03093+3907, CGCG 525-6, CGCG 524-65
NGC 1235 03 12 33.1+39 19 09Sb14.013.21.80 × 0.6vF, S, lENGC 1233, UGC 2586, MCG 6-8-3, IRAS 03093+3907, CGCG 525-6, CGCG 524-65
NGC 1245 03 14 41.4+47 14 19OCL (III1r)8.410.00Cl, pL, Ri, C, iR, st 12…15OCL 389
NGC 1250 03 15 21.0+41 21 20Gx (S0)14.012.92.10 × 0.6vF, vS, RUGC 2613, MCG 7-7-40, CGCG 540-66
NGC 1257 03 16 59.5+41 31 46*2Stellar neb
NGC 1259 03 17 17.3+41 23 08Gx (S0)15.314.30.70 × 0.7vF, S, R, vlbMMCG 7-7-46
NGC 1260 03 17 27.2+41 24 19Gx (S0-a)14.213.31.10 × 0.5vF, S, RUGC 2634, MCG 7-7-47, CGCG 540-81, IRAS 03141+4113
NGC 1264 03 17 59.5+41 31 13Gx (SBab)14.914.11.00 × 0.5vF, S, vlbMUGC 2643, MCG 7-7-50
NGC 1265 03 18 08.4+41 45 16Gx (E5)14.413.41.00 × 0.5vF, vS, mbMIC 312, UGC 2644, MCG 7-7-51, CGCG 540-86
NGC 1267 03 18 44.8+41 28 03Gx (E2)14.113.11.10 × 0.9F, vS, R, stellUGC 2657, MCG 7-7-55, CGCG 540-92
NGC 1268 03 18 45.2+41 29 21Gx (Sb)14.213.40.90 × 0.6eF, S, lE, comUGC 2658, MCG 7-7-56, CGCG 540-93
NGC 1270 03 18 58.1+41 28 13Gx (E2)14.313.10.90 × 0.7vF, S, RUGC 2660, MCG 7-7-57, CGCG 540-95
NGC 1271 03 19 11.2+41 21 13Gx (SB0?)14.913.90.50 × 0.2vF, vSCGCG 540-96
NGC 1272 03 19 21.3+41 29 26Gx (E1)12.911.82.20 × 2.0F, S, RUGC 2662, MCG 7-7-58, CGCG 540-98
NGC 1273 03 19 26.8+41 32 24Gx (S0)14.313.20.80 × 0.7vF, vSMCG 7-7-59, CGCG 540-99
NGC 1274 03 19 40.6+41 32 58Gx (E3)15.114.10.80 × 0.3vF, vSMCG 7-7-62, CGCG 540-102
NGC 1275 03 19 48.1+41 30 41Gx (S0/P)12.611.92.30 × 1.6F, SUGC 2669, MCG 7-7-63, CGCG 540-103, 3C 84 , IRAS 03164+4119, Perseus A
NGC 1276 03 19 51.1+41 38 33*2vF, vS
NGC 1277 03 19 51.4+41 34 27Gx (S0-a)14.713.60.80 × 0.3vF, vS, np II 603MCG 7-7-64, CGCG 540-104
NGC 1278 03 19 54.1+41 33 49Gx (E2)13.612.41.40 × 1.1pB, pS, R, bMIC 1907, UGC 2670, MCG 7-7-65, CGCG 540-105
NGC 1279 03 19 59.1+41 28 47Gx (S)15.815.00.60 × 0.4vF, vSPGC 12449
NGC 1281 03 20 06.3+41 37 47Gx (E5)14.513.30.90 × 0.4vF, S, * 11 p 1'MCG 7-7-67, CGCG 540-108
NGC 1282 03 20 12.0+41 22 01Gx (E4)13.912.91.20 × 0.7vF, S, lbMNUGC 2675, MCG 7-7-68, CGCG 540-109
NGC 1283 03 20 15.5+41 23 55Gx (E1)14.713.60.70 × 0.6vF, S, vlbMUGC 2676, MCG 7-7-69, CGCG 540-110
NGC 1293 03 21 36.4+41 23 36Gx (E0)14.513.40.90 × 0.9vF, R, bM, np of 2MCG 7-7-75, CGCG 540-116, NPM1G +41.0114
NGC 1294 03 21 40.0+41 21 38Gx (E-S0)14.313.21.10 × 0.8vF, R, bM, sf of 2UGC 2694, MCG 7-7-76, CGCG 540-117, IRAS 03184+4111
NGC 1330 03 29 04.4+41 40 32*GrpvF st in vF, S neb
NGC 1333 03 29 18.0+31 25 00RN6.00 × 3.0F, L, * 10 nf (Auw No 17)LBN 741
NGC 1334 03 30 01.7+41 49 57Gx (Sbc)14.013.21.50 × 0.7eF, pL, lbMUGC 2759, MCG 7-8-18, CGCG 541-17, IRAS 03266+4139
NGC 1335 03 30 19.4+41 34 24Gx (E-S0)14.813.81.10 × 0.6vF * in vF, eS nebUGC 2762, MCG 7-8-19, CGCG 541-18
NGC 1342 03 31 38.0+37 22 36OCL (III3p)6.717.00Cl, vL, ab 60 stOCL 401
NGC 1348 03 34 06.0+51 25 12OCL (II2p)6.00Cl, lRi, st LOCL 391
NGC 1444 03 49 25.0+52 39 18OCL (IV1p)6.64.00Cl of ab 30 st 12…14OCL 394
NGC 1465 03 53 31.9+32 29 34Gx (S0-a)14.613.71.70 × 0.5pF, pS, R, pB * nr pUGC 2891, MCG 5-10-3, CGCG 508-4
NGC 1491 04 03 13.5+51 18 58EN25.00 × 25.0vB, S, iF, bM, r, * invLBN 704, in Sh2-206
NGC 1496 04 04 31.8+52 39 41OCL (II1p)9.63.00Cl, segment of a ringOCL 396
NGC 1499 04 01 10.0+36 27 36EN5.0120.00 × 60.0vF, vL, E ns, difLBN 756, California nebula
NGC 1513 04 09 57.0+49 30 54OCL (II1m)8.412.00Cl, L, vRi, pC, st vLOCL 398
NGC 1528 04 15 19.0+51 12 42OCL (II2m)6.418.00Cl, B, vRi, cCOCL 397
NGC 1545 04 20 56.2+50 15 19OCL (II2p)6.212.00Cl, pRi, lC, st LOCL 399
NGC 1548 04 20 49.6+36 53 55*Grp30.00Cl, vL, lRi, lC, st 10…12
NGC 1579 04 30 14.2+35 16 47RN12.00 × 8.0pB, vL, iR, mbM, * 8 350°, 2'LBN 766, Sh2-222
NGC 1582 04 31 39.0+43 44 36OCL (IV2p)7.024.00Cl, vL, pRi, lC, st LOCL 407
NGC 1605 04 34 52.2+45 16 17OCL (III1m)10.75.00Cl, vF, pS, C, st eSOCL 406
NGC 1624 04 40 36.4+50 27 42OCL (I2pn)11.83.00F, cL, iF, 6 or 7 st + nebOCL 403, LBN 722, Ced 37, S 212
IC 240 02 38 58.3+41 43 10*GrpvF, pS
IC 256 02 49 40.3+46 57 16Gx (C)17.916.90.50 × 0.3cF, lE, S, 1st of 35ZW 280, no. 2 of 3 comps
IC 257 02 49 45.2+46 58 32Gx (E-S0)13.812.61.40 × 0.8eF, pS, R, v diffic, 2nd of 3UGC 2298, MCG 8-6-11, CGCG 554-8
IC 258 02 49 45.9+41 03 07Gx (SB0-a)15.014.11.00 × 0.6vF, vlbM, * 9.5 f 2'UGC 2306, CGCG 539-107, KCPG 79B
IC 259 02 49 40.8+41 03 20Gx (E-S0)15.314.30.70 × 0.6vF, double, dist 17"CGCG 539-106, NPM1G +40.0060, KCPG 79A
IC 260 02 51 00.9+46 57 18Gx (E3)14.213.21.00 × 0.7eeF, pS, 2 F st nr, 3rd of 3UGC 2325, MCG 8-6-14, CGCG 554-11
IC 262 02 51 43.2+42 49 42Gx (SB0)14.213.21.60 × 1.4eeF, pS, R, bet 2 st, v difficUGC 2335, MCG 7-6-80, CGCG 539-114
IC 265 02 54 43.9+41 39 21Gx (E0)15.614.60.70 × 0.7eeF, eS, RMCG 7-7-6, CGCG 540-9, CGCG 539-127, NPM1G +41.0090
IC 266 02 55 04.7+42 15 50Gx (S)15.614.80.70 × 0.4eF, eS, RMCG 7-7-10, CGCG 539-130, CGCG 540-12
IC 274 03 00 06.0+44 13 00NFeeF, pS, R, v diffic
IC 275 103 00 55.7+44 21 01Gx (C M)17.316.30.30 × 0.3eeF, pS, R, bet 2 st5ZW 309
IC 275 203 00 55.9+44 20 46Gx (C)17.516.50.20 × 0.2eeF, pS, R, bet 2 st5ZW 309
IC 275 303 00 58.6+44 21 02Gx (C)16.615.60.20 × 0.2eeF, pS, R, bet 2 st5ZW 309, NPM1G +44.0059
IC 278 03 01 30.4+37 45 59Gx (E0)14.213.21.10 × 1.1vF, * 10 p 95", F * 12" spUGC 2481, MCG 6-7-32, CGCG 524-44
IC 280 03 03 03.0+42 21 32*GrpeF, pS, R
IC 281 03 04 37.2+42 21 46S15.414.60.40 × 0.4eeF, vS, * close n, II 607 nrNGC 1177, MCG 7-7-20, CGCG 540-33
IC 282 03 06 13.3+41 50 56E-S013.512.51.40 × 0.8eF, S, R, bet 2 st nrNGC 1198, UGC 2533, MCG 7-7-24, CGCG 540-38
IC 284 03 06 09.9+42 22 18Gx (Sd)12.511.53.80 × 1.2eeF, pL, lE, D * np, bet 2 stUGC 2531, MCG 7-7-23, CGCG 540-37, IRAS 03029+4211
IC 288 03 07 32.8+42 23 16Gx (S?)15.114.21.00 × 0.3vF, vS, R, 2 st nf, ? S ClUGC 2544, MCG 7-7-27, CGCG 540-43
IC 290 03 09 42.8+40 58 30Gx (Sb)15.614.81.10 × 0.2eeF, S, RIC 1884, UGC 2561, CGCG 540-47
IC 292 03 10 12.9+40 45 57Gx (Sd)14.213.51.20 × 0.7eF, pS, R, * s, bet 2 stIC 1887, UGC 2567, MCG 7-7-30, CGCG 540-49, IRAS 03069+4034
IC 293 03 10 56.1+41 08 16Gx (E-S0)15.314.30.60 × 0.4eF, S, RIC 1888, MCG 7-7-31, CGCG 540-53, NPM1G +40.0069
IC 294 03 11 03.1+40 37 18Gx (SB0-a)14.813.92.10 × 1.5vF, pS, irr RIC 295, IC 296, IC 1889, UGC 2574, MCG 7-7-33, CGCG 540-54
IC 295 03 11 03.1+40 37 18Gx (SB0-a)14.813.92.10 × 1.5eF, pS, RIC 294, IC 296, IC 1889, UGC 2574, MCG 7-7-33, CGCG 540-54
IC 296 03 11 03.1+40 37 18SB0-a14.813.92.10 × 1.5eF, pS, irr R, F D * pIC 294, IC 295, IC 1889, UGC 2574, MCG 7-7-33, CGCG 540-54
IC 297 03 13 18.4+42 08 55*2eeF, pS, R, v diffic, F * sp
IC 300 03 14 15.8+42 24 54Gx (S0)16.015.00.30 × 0.3eF, S, R, * 9 sp, np of 2
IC 301 03 14 47.7+42 13 23Gx (E0)14.213.20.80 × 0.8eF, pS, R, sf of 2UGC 2606, MCG 7-7-36, CGCG 540-63
IC 304 03 15 01.4+37 52 55Gx (Sb)14.613.81.10 × 0.7vF, * 76" sf, np of 2UGC 2609, MCG 6-8-5, CGCG 525-10, IRAS 03118+3741
IC 305 03 15 03.7+37 51 38Gx (E3)15.114.10.80 × 0.6vF, * 49" nfMCG 6-8-6, CGCG 525-12, NPM1G +37.0120
IC 308 03 16 15.9+41 10 53Gx (S0)15.414.21.20 × 1.2eF, pS, iR, r ?UGC 2619
IC 309 03 16 06.2+40 48 17Gx (S0)14.513.50.90 × 0.9eeF, pS, R, bet 2 stMCG 7-7-43, CGCG 540-72
IC 310 03 16 43.0+41 19 29Gx (S0)13.912.71.10 × 1.1vF, pS, R, 1259 and 1260 nearUGC 2624, MCG 7-7-45, CGCG 540-75, IRAS 03135+4108
IC 311 03 16 46.8+40 00 15Gx (S?)15.014.10.90 × 0.6eF, pS, iR, bet 2 st, vF * v close fUGC 2625, CGCG 540-76
IC 312 03 18 08.4+41 45 16E514.413.41.00 × 0.5eeF, pS, R, nearly bet 2 stNGC 1265, UGC 2644, MCG 7-7-51, CGCG 540-86
IC 313 03 20 57.9+41 53 39Gx (E1)15.114.10.90 × 0.8eeF, vS, R, close D * nr sUGC 2682, MCG 7-7-73, CGCG 540-111
IC 316 103 21 19.9+41 55 43Gx (S M)15.014.20.50 × 0.1eeF, pS, RMCG 7-7-74, CGCG 540-112
IC 316 203 21 19.9+41 55 55Gx (Sbc)15.014.21.40 × 0.7eeF, pS, RUGC 2688, CGCG 540-112, IRAS 03179+4145
IC 319 03 23 27.3+41 24 02*14.4stellar, = 13m
IC 320 03 25 59.2+40 47 21Gx (SBab)14.513.71.20 × 1.1eF, pS, R, vF * close pUGC 2732, MCG 7-8-7, CGCG 541-6
IC 323 03 29 33.5+41 51 21*3eF, pS, R, p of 2
IC 348 03 44 34.1+32 09 47OCL (IV2pn)7.310.00pB, vL, vgbMIC 1985, OCL 409, LBN 758, CED 20
IC 351 03 47 33.0+35 02 50PN12.411.90.30Planetary = * 10m, * 9m p 14s, 2' sPK 159-15.1, CS=15.0
IC 1872 03 04 34.9+42 48 34*416.0Cl
IC 1874 03 06 21.9+36 00 54Gx (SB0-a)14.613.71.00 × 0.7F, vS, vlbM, difMCG 6-7-39, CGCG 524-50, NPM1G +35.0087
IC 1881 03 09 17.3+38 38 57Sd15.014.41.80 × 1.4vF, pS, v dif [? = 1213]NGC 1213, UGC 2557, MCG 6-7-45, CGCG 524-58
IC 1883 03 09 42.3+40 53 35S0-a15.514.61.00 × 0.5S, R, vgbMNGC 1212, UGC 2560
IC 1884 03 09 42.8+40 58 30Sb15.614.81.10 × 0.2S, E npsf, diffic, * 12 close fIC 290, UGC 2561, CGCG 540-47
IC 1887 03 10 12.9+40 45 57Sd14.213.51.20 × 0.7* 12 close sfIC 292, UGC 2567, MCG 7-7-30, CGCG 540-49, IRAS 03069+4034
IC 1888 03 10 56.1+41 08 16E-S015.314.30.60 × 0.4vF, SIC 293, MCG 7-7-31, CGCG 540-53, NPM1G +40.0069
IC 1889 03 11 03.1+40 37 18SB0-a14.813.92.10 × 1.5F, R, vgbMIC 294, IC 295, IC 296, UGC 2574, MCG 7-7-33, CGCG 540-54
IC 1900 03 15 55.2+37 09 17Gx (S0)15.014.00.50 × 0.4F, S, pR, gbMNMCG 6-8-7, CGCG 525-13, NPM1G +36.0098
IC 1901 03 16 02.5+37 06 47Gx (Sa)15.714.90.80 × 0.2F, vS, R, gbMNMCG 6-8-8, CGCG 525-14, NPM1G +36.0099
IC 1902 03 16 12.4+37 10 41Gx (S0-a)15.514.60.40 × 0.4F, vS, R, sbM * 14CGCG 525-15, NPM1G +36.0100
IC 1905 03 18 48.0+41 21 59*3Cl, S, vF, ? Neb
IC 1907 03 19 54.1+41 33 49E213.612.41.40 × 1.1vF, S, vmbMNGC 1278, UGC 2670, MCG 7-7-65, CGCG 540-105
IC 1911 03 20 46.0+35 17 40NFNeb, not well seen
IC 1934 03 31 13.9+42 47 34Gx (S0)15.014.01.20 × 0.5eF, pS, lbM, * 12 dist 34"UGC 2769
IC 1985 03 44 34.1+32 09 47IV2pn7.310.00* 8 in F, eL nebIC 348, OCL 409, LBN 758, CED 20
IC 2003 03 56 22.0+33 52 32PN12.611.40.33pB, eS, lE ns, * 13 n 4", * 12 sp 18"PK 161-14.1, CS=15.3
IC 2005 03 57 39.5+36 47 15Gx (S)15.614.80.40 × 0.1F, vS, R, stellCGCG 526-15, "in" N 1499
IC 2027 04 06 39.6+37 06 57Gx (E0)15.114.10.40 × 0.4F, vS, R, vlbMUGC 2957, MCG 6-9-19
IC 2067 04 30 52.0+35 26 42ENvF, R, * 15 inv n, * 17 close npSS 20

References

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15«Hartung's Astronomical Objects for Southern Telescopes» by David Malin and David J. Frew; Melbourne University Press 1995; ISBN 0-522-84553-3
20«Sternbilder und ihre Mythen» von Gerhard Fasching; Zweite, verbesserte Auflage; Springer Verlag Wien, New York; ISBN 3-211-82552-5 (Wien); ISBN 0-387-82552-5 (New York)
66The Starry Sky: Perseus by Deborah Byrd; Astronomy 2/94, p.52
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154Yale Bright Star Catalog, 15. Oktober 2020; tdc-www.harvard.edu/catalogs/bsc5.html
277«Historische Deep-Sky Kataloge» von Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke; klima-luft.de/steinicke (2021-02-17)