Globular Cluster Messier 19

M 19
M 19: Image taken with the KPNO 0.9 meter telescope on Kitt Peak © 1997 Doug Williams, REU Program/NOIRLab/NSF/AURA [600]


The globular cluster Messier 19 was added to his list of «diffuse stars» by Charles Messier in June 1764, four days after the discovery of M 14. In 1784 Sir William Herschell was probably the first, who was able to resolve Messier's diffuse star with his large reflecting telescope into single stars and who recognized the true nature of M 19.

Physical Properties

The vicinity of M 19 as seen by us is very rich in stars and appears peppered with countless small stars in our Milky Way. The globular cluster is located near the central bulge of our galaxy. The distance from the galactic center is estimated to be around 3000 light years. The cluster appears to be a little further away than M 10 or M 12. The light is also weakened by interstellar dark dust, which makes exact distance measurements difficult. Published distances vary from 20'000 to 30'000 light years. M 19 moves away from the solar system at a radial speed of about 100 km/s.

M 19 belongs to the flattened globular clusters. It shows an elliptical outline. H. Shapley estimated that there are about twice as many stars along the long axis as there are along the short axis. The integrated spectral type is indicated with F5. [4]

Revised+Historic NGC/IC Version 22/9, © 2022 Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke [277]
Designation NGC 6273
Right Ascension (J2000.0) 17h 02m 37.7s
Declination (J2000.0) -26° 16' 03"
Diameter 17 arcmin
Visual magnitude 6.8 mag
Metric Distance 8.800 kpc
Dreyer Description globular, vB, L, R, vCM, rrr, st 16
Identification, Remarks h 1975=3663; GC 4264; M 19; GCL 52; ESO 518-SC7

Finder Chart

The globular cluster Messier 19 is located in the constellation Serpent Bearer (Ophiuchus) and is best observed in the months March to August.

Finder Chart Globular Cluster Messier 19
Globular Cluster Messier 19 in constellation Ophiuchus. Charts created using SkySafari 6 Pro and STScI Digitized Sky Survey. Limiting magnitudes: Constellation chart ~6.5 mag, DSS2 close-ups ~20 mag. [149, 160]

Objects Within a Radius of 15°