NGC 1499, California Nebula

NGC 1499
NGC 1499: California Nebula; Celestron RASA 11" f/2.22; ZWO ASI6200 Pro; Tentlingen; © 2020 Peter Kocher


The galactic emission nebula NGC 1499 was discovered on November 3, 1885 by American astronomer Edward Emerson Barnard. It received the nickname because it is similar in shape to the US state of California. [196]

Physical Properties

With a surface area of around 2.5 ° x 1 °, the nebula is very large, but has a low surface brightness. It glows mainly in the red lines Hα (656 nm) and Hβ (486 nm). The nearby, high-energy O7 star ξ Persei (Menkib), located at a distance of about 420 pc to 486 pc (1370 to 1585 light years), is held responsible for this. [145, 196]

«Revised NGC/IC», «Historic NGC/IC», Version 2022-09-01, © Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke [277]
DesignationNGC 1499
Right Ascension04h 01m 10.0s
Declination+36° 27' 36"
Diameter120 × 60 arcmin
Photographic (blue) magnitude5.0 mag
Position angle120°
Metric Distance0.400 kpc
Dreyer DescriptionvF, vL, E ns, dif
Identification, RemarksLBN 756, California nebula

Finder Chart

NGC 1499 is located in the constellation Perseus about 1° to the northeast from the 4 mag bright star ξ Persei (Menkib). It can best be observed in the months of September to February.

Perseus: NGC 1499
Chart NGC 1499
Chart created using SkySafari 6 Pro and STScI Digitized Sky Survey. [149, 160]


145SIMBAD astronomical database;
149SkySafari 6 Pro, Simulation Curriculum;
160The STScI Digitized Sky Survey;
196Celestial Atlas by Curtney Seligman; (2020-12-28)
277«Historische Deep-Sky Kataloge» von Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke; (2021-02-17)