Globular Cluster Messier 62

Messier 62
Messier 62: Section of the STScI Digitized Sky Survey [160]


The globular cluster Messier 62 is one of the discoveries that can be ascribed to Charles Messier. He stated June 4, 1779 as the date of discovery and wrote: «Very beautiful nebula, discovered in Scorpio, it resembles a small comet, the center is brilliant and is surrounded by a weak light. Position determined in relation to the star τ in Scorpion. M. Messier had already seen the nebula on June 7, 1771, without having precisely determined its location. Checked on March 22nd, 1781.» [281]

Wilhelm Herschel recognized a star cluster for the first time in M ​​62 and saw in it a miniature version of the globular star cluster M 3 in Canes Venatici.

Physical Properties

The globular cluster lies in the direction of a star-rich area of ​​the Milky Way, so that the vicinity of the cluster is speckled with small stars. It appears that N 62 actually lies in the star-rich central region of the galaxy. The loss of light by absorption in the area is estimated to be 2.4 magnitudes.

M 62 is one of the most asymmetrical globular clusters. The non-spherical shape was probably first noticed by John Herschel in 1847. The scattering of faint stars is greater on the north side of the globular cluster than on the south side. It is also possible that only the darkening of the south side by foreground matter is greater. M 62 seems to be the most comet-like of the objects recorded by Messier.

By 1973, 89 variables were counted in the globular cluster. There is also an asymmetry in their distribution: the number is greater in the northern part. Almost all variables are short-period of the RR Lyrae type. The distance of 26'000 light years derived from this is still considered uncertain, as measurement errors due to the darkening are unavoidable. The cluster shows a radial velocity of 74 km/s. [4]

«Revised New General Catalogue and Index Catalogue» Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke, 2021 [277]
DesignationNGC 6266
TypeGCL (IV)
Right Ascension17h 01m 12.6s
Declination-30° 06' 42"
Diameter15.00 arcmin
Visual magnitude6.4 mag
Dreyer Description! globular, vB, L, gmbM, rrr, st 14…16
IdentificationM 62, GCL 51, ESO 453-SC14

Finder Chart for Messier 62

The globular cluster M 62 is located in the constellation Ophiuchus (Serpent Bearer), roughly between the stars θ Ophiuchi and ε Scorpii, about a third closer to ε Scorpii. In the months of May to July it is favorable for observation.

Chart Messier 62
Chart created using SkySafari 6 Pro and STScI Digitized Sky Survey. [149, 160]


4«Burnham's Celestial Handbook: An Observer's Guide to the Universe Beyond the Solar System» by Robert Burnham; Dover Publications, Inc.; Voume I: ISBN 0-486-23567-X; Volume II: ISBN 0-486-23568-8; Volume III: ISBN 0-486-23673-0
149SkySafari 6 Pro, Simulation Curriculum;
160The STScI Digitized Sky Survey;
277«Historische Deep-Sky Kataloge» von Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke; (2021-02-17)
281«Catalogue Nébuleuses et des Amas D'Étoiles» Observées à Paris, par M. Messier, à l'Observatoire de la Marine, hôtel de Clugni, rue des Mathurins. «Connoissance des temps ou connoissance des mouvements célestes, pour l'année bissextile 1784 » Page 227; (2021-02-21)