Globular Cluster NGC 6712 + PNs IC 1295, Kohoutek 4-8

NGC 6712 + IC 1295: Globular cluster NGC 6712 and planetary nebula IC 1295. Section from DSS2 [147]

Globular Cluster NGC 6712

On 16 June 1784 the German-British astronomer William Herschel discovered an object that he thought was a «bright nebula» and cataloged it as I 47. He described it as «bright, very large, irregularly faint, easily resolvable stars visible» [463] Herschels son John cataloged the object in 1864 as GC 4441 (h 3762) and recognized it as a globular cluster. [467] John L. E. Dreyer added the globular cluster as NGC 6712 to his famous catalogue. [313]

NGC 6712 is a tidally disrupted globular cluster containing more then 60'000 stars. The reddening of the cluster due to interstellar matter is estimated as E(B − V) = 0.35 ± 0.04 from the RRab stars colour curves. The mean distance is 8.1 ± 0.2 kpc and the age is estimated to 12 billion years. [547]

Revised+Historic NGC/IC, Version 22/9, © Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke [277]
DesignationNGC 6712
TypeGCL (IX)
Right Ascension18h 53m 04.3s
Declination-08° 42' 20"
Diameter9.8 arcmin
Visual magnitude8.1 mag
Metric Distance6.900 kpc
Dreyer Descriptionglobular, pB, vL, irr, vglbM, rrr
Identification, RemarksGCL 103
IC 1295: Image taken with Very Large Telescope (VLT) in the Atacama desert in Chile. © ESO [546]

Planetary Nebula IC 1295

This nebula was discovered on 28 August 1867 by the American astronomer Truman Safford using the 18.5" refractor at the Dearborn Observatory in Chicago. He added it as number 82 to his list of discoveries which he published in 1887 as an appendix to the Dearborn Observatory Report for 1885 and 1886. Dreyer was unaware of these discoveries until he had finished preparation of his «New General Catalogue». He added his discoveries as an appendix with the description: «pretty bright, prettly large, gradually brighter in the middle.» [277, 313] In 1895 Dreyer added the nebula as IC 1295. [314]

In 1919 Heber Doust Curtis did a survey of nebulae at the Lick Observatory and identified IC 1295 as a planetary nebula. He described his discovery with: «Exceedingly faint; a faint, hazy ring about 2' x 1.5' in p. a. 90° ±. The central portions are relatively vacant, and it is fainter along and at the ends of the major axis. There are three faint stars at the center, of which one is probably the central star.» [544]

Revised+Historic NGC/IC, Version 22/9, © Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke [277]
DesignationIC 1295
Right Ascension18h 54m 37.1s
Declination-08° 49' 35"
Diameter1.5 arcmin
Photographic (blue) magnitude15.0 mag
Visual magnitude12.5 mag
Metric Distance1.454 kpc
Dreyer DescriptionpB, pL, gbM
Identification, RemarksPK 25-4.2, CS=15.0
IC 1295 + Kohoutek 4-8: Section from PanSTARRS/DR1 Color [147]

Planetary Nebula Kohoutek 4-8

This small planetary nebula was discovered in 1964 by L. Kohoutek during the «Hamburg Schmidt-camera survey of faint planetary nebulae». [545] There seems to be no detailed study available for this probably young PN. It is so small, it looks like a blue star on photographs. Simbad lists the following magnitudes measured for different bands: J 14.792, H 14.802, K 13.946. [145]

«Strasbourg-ESO Catalogue of Galactic Planetary Nebulae» Acker et al., 1992 [141]
DesignationsPN G025.3-04.6: K 4- 8, PK 25-04.1, Sa 2-374
Right Ascension (J2000.0)18h 54m 20s
Declination (J2000.0)-08° 53' 32"
Dimensions 0." (optical)
DiscovererKOHOUTEK 1964

Finder Chart

The globular cluster NGC 6712 and planetary nebula IC 1295 can be found in the constellation Scutum (Shield). They are best visible in the months May through August.

Chart Globular Cluster NGC 6712 + PNs IC 1295, Kohoutek 4-8
Globular Cluster NGC 6712 + PNs IC 1295, Kohoutek 4-8 in constellation Scutum. Charts created using SkySafari 6 Pro and STScI Digitized Sky Survey. Limiting magnitudes: Constellation chart ≈ 6.5 mag, DSS2 close-ups ≈ 20 mag. [149, 160]

Visual Observation

Description pending ...

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