Andromedas Parachute (Quasar J014709+463037)

Quasar J014709+463037
Quasar J014709+463037: Left: The four images A-D of the quasar J014709+463037 and the position of the galaxy G responsible for the gravitational lens effect marked with an X. Color image with g (blue), i (green) and z (red) filters. Right: 2 'section with y-filter. Recordings with the Pan-STARRS1 1.8m telescope in Hawaii. [329]


The quasar J014709+463037 (also referred as PS J0147+4630, BNR2017 J014710+463040) was discovered by accident by Berghea et al. on images from December 2016 with the 1.8 meter Ritchey–Chrétien telescope on the summit of Haleakala on the Hawaiian island of Maui. The telescope is part of the «Panoramic Survey Telescope and Rapid Response System» (Pan-STARRS1). The J number sequence designates the coordinates in the ICRS J2000 coordinate system with HHMMSS+DDMMSS, relatively HHMM+DDMM. Since the discovery of the first gravitational lens quasar QSO 0957+561A/B in 1979 by Walsh et al. Such gravitational lenses became an important instrument for determining cosmological and Hubble constants.

Physical Properties

This quasar is a gravitational lens created by a galaxy in the foreground, which creates a quadruple image of a quasar lying behind it, much further away. The apparent visual brightness of the four quasar images is in the range from 15.4 mag to 17.7 mag. The redshift is about z = 2.377 ± 0.007, which corresponds to a distance of about 11 billion light years. The redshift of the much weaker foreground galaxy is about z ≈ 0.57, i.e. a distance of about 7 billion light years. J014709 + 463037 is one of the few quadruple gravitational lenses with z > 2, whose individual images are relatively bright and can be resolved by earth-based telescopes. [329, 330]

Name   : J014709+463037
RA     : 01h 47m 09s
Dec    : +46° 30' 37"
Mag (g): A 15.6, B 15.7, C 16.4, D 18.0
Mag (r): A 15.4, B 15.5, C 16.2, D 17.7
z      : 2.377

Further infos at CDS: [BNR2017] J014710+463040 source

Finder Chart

The quasar J014709+463037 is located in the constellation Andromeda between the stars υ Persei and Almach (γ Andromedae), about 2.5° from υ Persei. Between the two 35 arcminutes distant stars HR 518 (6.3 mag) and HD 10712 (7.9 mag) one looks for the star patterns shown in the 1° and 15 arcminutes closeup. The best observation time is June to February.

Finder Chart Andromedas Parachute (Quasar J014709+463037)
Andromedas Parachute (Quasar J014709+463037) in constellation Andromeda. Charts created using SkySafari 6 Pro and STScI Digitized Sky Survey. Limiting magnitudes: Constellation chart ~6.5 mag, DSS2 close-ups ~20 mag. [149, 160]

Visual Observation

Quasar J014709+463037
Quasar J014709+463037: Andromedas Parachute; 30" SlipStream-Dobson f/3.3; 15s bei ISO 12'800; Hasliberg; © 25. 10. 2019 Pierre Schmid, Eduard von Bergen [29]

400 mm Aperture: The position of the quasar could be well determined based on the surrounding stars. In the 9 mm Nagler eyepiece, the quasar was recognizable when seen indirectly, and it even occasionally flashed when viewed directly. Any extension or separation of components was beyond perceptibility. — 400 mm f/4.5 Taurus Dobsonian, Hasliberg, 17. 12. 2023, SQM 21.2, Bernd Nies

762 mm Aperture: Four components within 3 arcseconds, visually and photographically not separable. Quick and easy to find with the help of the location cards, can be clearly identified by means of surrounding stars. Identification in the photo because of similarly large and illuminated stars is more difficult as a visual sighting. — 25. 10. 2019, Eduard von Bergen

Objects Within a Radius of 15°


  • [29] Astrobin: AstroEdy's Gallery;
  • [149] SkySafari 6 Pro, Simulation Curriculum;
  • [160] The STScI Digitized Sky Survey;
  • [329] «Discovery of the First Quadruple Gravitationally Lensed Quasar Candidate with Pan-STARRS» C. T. Berghea, George J. Nelson, C. E. Rusu, C. R. Keeton, and R. P. Dudik; The Astrophysical Journal, Volume 844, Number 2; DOI:10.3847/1538-4357/aa7aa6
  • [330] «Andromeda's Parachute: A Bright Quadruply Lensed Quasar at z=2.377» Kate H. R. Rubin, John M. O'Meara, Kathy L. Cooksey, Mateusz Matuszewski, Luca Rizzi, Gregory W. Doppmann, Shui Hung Kwok, D. Christopher Martin, Anna M. Moore, Patrick Morrissey, James D. Neill; DOI:10.3847/1538-4357/aaaeb7