Napoleons Hat (Picot 1)

Picot 1
Picot 1: Section of the SDSS9 [147]

History

This asterism was discovered in 1998 by the French amateur astronomer Fulbert Picot and published in April in «Ciel Extrême». It is listed as ANR 1414+18 (ANR = amas non répertoriés = unlisted clusters) with the nickname «Chapeau de Napoléon». [551, 552]

Physical Properties

This is not a true star cluster, but a star formation, i. e. the stars appear close together only from our perspective. The seven stars, which have apparent visual magnitudes of 9.4 to 10.6, are of different spectral types, are distributed over a distance of 53 to 862 parsecs (173 to 2813 light years) and also do not show any common motion.

Data from Simbad, distances and proper motions based on Gaia EDR3 [145]
Name RA [hms] Dec [dms] vMag spType Dist [pc] PM RA [mas/y] PM Dec [mas/y]
TYC 1472-330-1 14 14 28.349 +18 25 47.96 10.39 122.513 +41.764 -45.872
BD +19 2772 14 14 36.764 +18 34 22.89 9.54 F5 186.317 -65.354 -4.872
BD +19 2771 14 14 37.694 +18 30 12.97 9.4 G0 158.133 -26.018 +36.426
TYC 1472-684-1 14 14 38.984 +18 36 22.57 10.59 F5 281.619 +5.028 -2.539
BD +19 2774 14 14 53.422 +18 36 17.68 9.69 F8 189.645 -32.826 -7.332
TYC 1472-718-1 14 15 19.937 +18 34 58.62 9.4 862.589 -16.976 -16.926
BD +19 2776 14 15 38.683 +18 37 12.48 9.79 K5 53.159 -102.354 +113.037

Finder Chart

Napoleons hat can be found in the constellation Bootes, approximately half a degree south of Arcturus (α Boötis). The best time for observation is from December through September.

Finder Chart Napoleons Hat (Picot 1)
Napoleons Hat (Picot 1) in constellation Bootes. Charts created using SkySafari 6 Pro and STScI Digitized Sky Survey. Limiting magnitudes: Constellation chart ~6.5 mag, DSS2 close-ups ~20 mag. [149, 160]

Visual Observation

400 mm Aperture: In the 21 mm Ethos eyepiece, the star formation is very prominent and easy to find. With the field of view of 1.17°, the bright star Arcturus can still be placed nicely outside the field of view so that it does not interfere. A nice sight when the sky is too bright or milky for fainter objects. — 400 mm f/4.5 Taurus Dobsonian, Glaubenberg, 17. 6. 2023, Bernd Nies

Objects Within a Radius of 20°

References