Planetary Nebula Abell 14

Abell 14
Abell 14: Image with N2 filter, 2.5 m Nordic Optical Telescope, La Palma © 20. 10. 1995, A. Manchado & M. Guerrero [151]


The planetary nebula Abell 14 (PK 197-3.1) was discovered in 1955 by the American astronomer George Ogden Abell on the photo plates of the Palomar Observatory Sky Survey (POSS). In 1955 he published a first list of 13 globular clusters and the positions of 73 planetary nebulae. The PN first had the number 10 (A55 10). In 1966 Abell published a completed list including the size and description of the 86 planetary nebulae discovered on the POSS photo plates. The PN was then listed as number 14 (A66 14). He described the morphological appearance of the PN as «D» (a ring of variable thickness). [331, 332]

The designation PK 197-3.1 originates from the two Czechoslovak astronomers Luboš Perek and Luboš Kohoutek, who in 1967 compiled a catalog of all the planetary nebulae of the Milky Way known at the time. [146]

Physical Properties

Abell 14 is a highly evolved, bipolar nebula with a kinematical age of ∼19'400 yr for a distance of 4 kpc. The progenitor probably had 5 solar masses and experienced the third dredge-up and hot bottom burning phases. The stellar parameters of the central source reveal a star at a highly evolved stage near to the white dwarf cooling track. [173]

«Strasbourg-ESO Catalogue of Galactic Planetary Nebulae» Acker et al., 1992 [141]
Designations PN G197.8-03.3: A 14, PK 197-03.1, A55 10, ARO 125, VV' 39
Right Ascension (J2000.0) 06h 11m 09s
Declination (J2000.0) +11° 46' 47"
Dimensions 33." (optical)
C-Star Designations AG82 59, CSI +11 -06084, UBV 6225
C-Star Magnitude U: 15.74, B: 15.75, V: 15.24
C-Star Spectral Type F7 V?
Discoverer ABELL 1955

Finder Chart

The planetary nebula Abell 14 is in the constellation Orion It is best observed from September to March.

Finder Chart Planetary Nebula Abell 14
Planetary Nebula Abell 14 in constellation Orion. Charts created using SkySafari 6 Pro and STScI Digitized Sky Survey. Limiting magnitudes: Constellation chart ~6.5 mag, DSS2 close-ups ~20 mag. [149, 160]

Objects Within a Radius of 15°