Constellation Phoenix

Phoenix
Phoenix: IAU Constellation Map [150]

Properties

Phoenix is an inconspicuous constellation near the southern end of Eridanus, between the bright star Achernar and the constellation Grus. The area of the constellation is 469 square degrees and the center culminates around midnight on October 5th. [9, 15]

Stars with Proper Names:

  • α Phe: Ankaa, Nair Al Zaurak, Cymbae, Lucida Cymbae, Head Of Phoenix
Data for constellation Phoenix [150]
IAU NamePhoenix
IAU GenitivePhoenicis
IAU Abbr.Phe
English NamePhoenix
Season (47° N)September … October
Right Ascension23h 26m 46s … 02h 25m 03s
Declination-57° 50' 54" … -39° 18' 46"
Area469 deg2
Neighbours (N↻)Scl, Gru, Tuc, Hyi, Eri, For

Mythology and History

Phoenix is the Greek name for Benu, the sacred bird of the Egyptians. He was worshiped as the appearance of the sun god and is the symbol of eternal renewal and resurrection. He burns himself to rise newborn from the ashes.

Johann Bayer introduced this constellation in 1603 in an area known to the Arabs as the Boot, on the banks of the Eridanus had created. Later one saw an eagle or the legendary bird griffin here, so that in Bayer's time the reference to a bird was created. [6, 7]

Catalogs

Yale Bright Star Catalogue, 5th Revised Ed. (Hoffleit+, 1991) [154]
HR B F RA [hms] Dec [dms] vMag spType dMag Sep ["]
600 06 19.0-49 04 305.70 G1IV 5.75.4
25ε00 09 24.7-45 44 513.88 K0III
99α00 26 17.0-42 18 222.39 K0III 0.1
100κ00 26 12.2-43 40 483.94 A7V
125λ100 31 25.0-48 48 134.77 A0V 8.830.3
147λ200 35 41.1-48 00 035.51 F6V
180μ00 41 19.6-46 05 064.59 G8III
183ξ00 41 46.4-56 30 065.70 ApSrEuCr 4.413.2
191η00 43 21.2-57 27 474.36 A0IV 7.019.8
242ρ00 50 41.2-50 59 135.22 F2III
295ω01 02 01.8-57 00 096.11 G8III
322β01 06 05.0-46 43 073.31 G8III v0.21.0
331υ01 07 47.9-41 29 135.21 A3IV 0.40.2
338ζ01 08 23.1-55 14 453.92 B6V+B9V 4.06.6
370ν01 15 11.1-45 31 534.96 F8V
429γ01 28 21.9-43 19 063.41 M0-IIIa
440δ01 31 15.1-49 04 223.95 K0III
555ψ01 53 38.8-46 18 094.41 M4III
558φ01 54 22.0-42 29 495.11 A3V
602χ02 01 42.4-44 42 495.14 K5III
8949ι23 35 04.6-42 36 544.71 A2VpSrCrEu 8.07.7
8966θ23 39 28.0-46 38 166.09 A8V+F0V 0.73.7
9006σ23 47 16.0-50 13 365.18 B3V
9069π23 58 55.8-52 44 455.13 K0III
9081τ00 01 04.5-48 48 365.71 G8III

Revised+Historic NGC/IC, Version 22/9, © Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke [277]
Galaxies
NameRADecTypebMagvMagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification, Remarks
NGC 2500 09 59.3-57 01 13E/SB013.613.01.4 × 0.8vF, S, RESO 149-19, FAIR 1, AM 0007-571
NGC 2800 10 25.2-56 59 20E114.813.80.8 × 0.6eF, p of 2AM 0007-571
NGC 3100 10 38.5-56 59 10Sc14.613.91.3 × 0.7eeF, S, R, f of 2ESO 149-20, AM 0007-571
NGC 3700 11 23.0-56 57 25SB014.713.71.1 × 0.7eF, S, RESO 149-22, AM 0007-571
NGC 8700 21 14.2-48 37 44IBm/P14.714.30.9 × 0.7eF, S, R, gbM, 1st of 4ESO 194-8, AM 0018-485
NGC 8800 21 22.0-48 38 23SB0-a15.014.40.8 × 0.5eF, vS, R, 2nd of 4ESO 194-10, AM 0018-485
NGC 8900 21 24.3-48 39 55SB0-a14.213.51.2 × 0.6vF, S, R, gbM, 3rd of 4ESO 194-11, AM 0018-485
NGC 9200 21 31.4-48 37 29Sa13.813.11.9 × 0.9F, S, R, gbM, 4th of 4ESO 194-12, AM 0018-485
NGC 9800 22 49.3-45 16 06SBbc13.412.71.6 × 1.3vF, pS, R, bM, rESO 242-5
NGC 11900 26 57.6-56 58 40S0/P14.013.01 × 1pB, S, R, mbMESO 150-8
NGC 15900 34 35.4-55 47 23SB0-a14.613.71.4 × 0.4vF, pS, R, glbM, 3 st fESO 150-11
NGC 21200 40 13.4-56 09 09E-S014.313.31 × 0.9vF, S, R, p of 2ESO 150-18, AM 0038-562
NGC 21500 40 48.9-56 12 51E-S014.013.01.1 × 0.9F, S, R, am st, f of 2ESO 150-19, AM 0038-562
NGC 23800 43 25.6-50 10 58SBb13.112.52 × 1.6eF, pL, R, gvlbMESO 194-31, FAIR 663, AM 0041-502
NGC 31200 56 15.7-52 46 59E213.412.41.4 × 1.1F, S, R, * 12 fESO 151-6, AM 0054-530
NGC 31900 56 57.6-43 50 19SBa14.313.41 × 0.8eF, vS, R, lbMESO 243-13, MCG -7-3-1
NGC 322 100 57 10.0-43 43 37S014.413.40.9 × 0.4vF, vS, R, lbM, 3 st pESO 243-15, MCG -7-3-3, AM 0054-435
NGC 322 200 57 09.1-43 43 48S17.316.50.15 × 0.1vF, vS, R, lbM, 3 st p
NGC 32300 56 41.7-52 58 33E213.612.61.3 × 1.1pF, S, R, bM, p of 2ESO 151-9, AM 0054-531
NGC 32400 57 14.6-40 57 34S0-a14.012.91.4 × 0.5(?), F, S, stellarESO 295-25, MCG -7-3-2, AM 0054-411
NGC 32800 56 57.3-52 55 25SBa14.313.42.6 × 0.5vF, lE, vgbM, f of 2ESO 151-13, AM 0054-531
NGC 34801 00 51.8-53 14 42Sb14.613.80.8 × 0.7eF, S, RESO 151-17
NGC 36801 04 21.9-43 16 34SB0-a14.713.80.7 × 0.6eF, vS, * 7·8 sp 3'ESO 243-23
NGC 454 101 14 21.6-55 24 02S/P13.112.21.7 × 1.5vF, S, R, bMESO 151-36, AM 0112-554
NGC 454 201 14 24.8-55 23 50S/P14.513.71 × 0.5vF, S, R, bMESO 151-36, AM 0112-554
NGC 48201 20 20.4-40 57 58Sab14.113.32.2 × 0.5eF, lEESO 296-13, MCG -7-3-17, AM 0118-411
NGC 57601 28 57.4-51 35 53SB0-a14.313.41 × 0.8F, S, R, bM, am st 11ESO 196-7, FAIR 295, AM 0126-515, IRAS 01269-5151
NGC 62501 35 04.4-41 26 15SBm11.711.25.8 × 1.9B, L, mE, gpmbMESO 297-5, MCG -7-4-17, AM 0132-414, IRAS 01329-4141, PRC C-11
NGC 64101 38 39.0-42 31 39E-S013.112.11.4 × 1.3F, S, R, gpmbM, p of 2ESO 244-42, MCG -7-4-26, AM 0136-424
NGC 64401 38 52.8-42 35 08SBc14.714.01.3 × 0.6F, S, vlE, glbM, f of 2ESO 244-43, MCG -7-4-27, FAIR 706, AM 0136-425, IRAS 01367-4250
NGC 69201 48 42.2-48 38 53SBbc13.112.32.1 × 1.8B, S, R, gbMESO 197-3, FAIR 712, IRAS 01467-4853
NGC 82202 06 39.2-41 09 25E514.113.21.1 × 0.6cF, vS, R, sbM, rESO 298-9, MCG -7-5-8
NGC 86202 13 02.8-42 02 01E012.811.80.8 × 0.8F, vS, svmbMESO 298-20, MCG -7-5-12, AM 0211-421
NGC 88902 19 06.8-41 44 57E114.313.31 × 0.9vF, vS, R, bM, * 7 sfESO 298-27, MCG -7-5-16
NGC 89302 19 58.1-41 24 10Sc13.412.71.3 × 1.1pF, pS, R, lbM, * 8 f 4'ESO 298-29, MCG -7-5-17, AM 0217-413, IRAS 02179-4137
NGC 768923 33 16.4-54 05 39SBc12.211.52.8 × 1.9pF, L, R, vgbMESO 192-7, IRAS 23305-5422
NGC 769023 33 02.4-51 41 54Sb13.012.42.1 × 0.8cB, S, lE, psbM, * 8 fESO 240-6, FAIR 1049, IRAS 23303-5158
NGC 770223 35 28.8-56 00 43S013.112.22.1 × 1.2B, cS, E, g, sbM, * 8·9 pESO 192-9
NGC 774423 44 59.2-42 54 36E/SB012.911.92.2 × 1.8cB, S, vlE, svmbM * 14IC 5348, ESO 292-17, MCG -7-48-17, AM 2342-431
NGC 776423 50 53.6-40 43 48SBm12.612.22 × 1.5B, pL, R, gbMESO 293-4, MCG -7-48-27, VV 715, AM 2348-410
NGC 7764 A123 53 20.1-40 48 15P16.015.20.7 × 0.2B, pL, R, gbMESO 293-8, MCG -7-1-1, AM 2350-410
NGC 7764 A223 53 23.7-40 48 25Sc R15.114.41.3 × 0.7B, pL, R, gbMESO 293-8, MCG -7-1-1, AM 2350-410
NGC 7764 A323 53 26.2-40 48 58E0/P15.814.80.4 × 0.4B, pL, R, gbMESO 293-8, MCG -7-1-1, AM 2350-410, N 7764E in PGC
NGC 779623 58 59.7-55 27 29E112.511.52.2 × 1.9pB, cS, R, gmbMESO 149-7, AM 2356-554
IC 159400 53 45.2-47 38 52SBb15.214.41.3 × 0.4eF, eS, cE 130°, stell NESO 195-12, AM 0051-475
IC 159500 53 47.0-45 11 11Sb15.114.31.5 × 0.2eF, S, mE 10°, stell NESO 243-8, FGCE 102
IC 160300 56 59.7-45 24 46Sc14.513.81.3 × 0.8eF, eS, cE 115°, cbMESO 243-14
IC 160500 57 37.4-48 54 10SBbc13.712.91.6 × 1.3vF, eS, RESO 195-19, FAIR 671, AM 0055-491, IRAS 00553-4910
IC 160900 59 46.7-40 20 01S013.612.61.4 × 1.4vF, vS, RESO 295-26, MCG -7-3-4
IC 161501 04 06.8-51 07 58Sbc14.213.41.3 × 0.6eF, S, cE 140°, cbMESO 195-27, IRAS 01019-5124
IC 161701 04 16.7-51 01 57S0-a14.613.71.4 × 0.6eF, S, cE 130°, cbMESO 195-28, AM 0102-511, IRAS 01020-5117
IC 162101 06 22.6-46 43 31Sbc14.013.21.3 × 0.4eF, eS, mE 0°, cbMESO 243-28, DRCG 41-41, Beta Phe (3.8) 3' p
IC 162501 07 42.6-46 54 30E-S012.912.01.6 × 1.2eF, vS, R, suspESO 243-33, AM 0105-471, DRCG 41-29
IC 162701 08 10.8-46 05 38SBb13.712.92.5 × 0.6cF, S, eE 135°, vmbMESO 243-34, DRCG 40-19, IRAS 01059-4621
IC 163001 08 16.8-46 45 15Sb15.114.31.5 × 0.3eF, eS, E 60°, suspESO 243-36, AM 0106-470, DRCG 41-39
IC 163101 08 44.7-46 28 31Sab14.113.30.9 × 0.6eF, S, R, suspESO 243-40, AM 0106-464, DRCG 40-5, IRAS 01065-4644
IC 163301 09 55.5-45 55 53E112.611.52.6 × 2.4vF, S, R, vF * fESO 243-46, FAIR 683, AM 0107-461, DRCG 40-26
IC 164901 11 50.8-55 51 24Sbc14.713.91.7 × 0.3eF, cS, E 140°, cbMESO 151-30
IC 165001 12 18.9-50 24 07SBb14.413.61.3 × 0.7cF, S, mE 55°, cbMESO 195-34, AM 0110-503, IRAS 01101-5039
IC 179602 22 47.3-41 22 15E/SB013.012.01.1 × 0.9vF, vS, RESO 298-38, MCG -7-6-1
IC 532523 28 43.1-41 20 01SBbc11.811.32.8 × 2.5F, S, R, gbM, * sp 1'ESO 347-18, MCG -7-48-4, AM 2325-413, IRAS 23260-4136
IC 532823 33 16.3-45 00 56E412.311.42.4 × 1.5vF, S, R, bet 2 stESO 291-29, AM 2330-451
IC 5328 A23 33 13.6-45 01 29SB0-a14.713.80.5 × 0.2vF, S, R, bet 2 stESO 291-28, AM 2330-451
IC 5328 B23 33 58.8-45 12 32SBc15.014.31.7 × 0.5vF, S, R, bet 2 stESO 291-30

References

6«Das neue Lexikon; Band 1-10»; Weltbild Verlag; © Bibliographisches Institut, Mannheim 1984
7«Der grosse Kosmos-Himmelsführer» von Ian Ridpath und Wil Tirion; Kosmos Verlag; ISBN 3-440-05787-9
9«Drehbare Sternkarte SIRIUS» von H. Suter-Haug; Hallwag-Verlag, Bern
15«Hartung's Astronomical Objects for Southern Telescopes» by David Malin and David J. Frew; Melbourne University Press 1995; ISBN 0-522-84553-3
150IAU: The Constellations, 11. Oktober 2020; iau.org/public/themes/constellations
154Yale Bright Star Catalog, 15. Oktober 2020; tdc-www.harvard.edu/catalogs/bsc5.html
277«Historische Deep-Sky Kataloge» von Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke; klima-luft.de/steinicke (2021-02-17)