Planetary Nebula IC 1454

IC 1454: Planetary Nebula in Cepheus. Section of DSS2 [147]


This planetary nebula was discovered on 9th August 1891 by the British astronomer William Frederick Denning using his 10 inch reflecting telescope in Bistol. [277] In 1895 J. L. E. Dreyer added the nebula as IC 1454 in his «Index Catalogue of Nebulae» and described it with: «very faint, small, star of 7m 4' following.» [314]

In 1955 the American astronomer George Ogden Abell identified the object as a planetary nebula during a survey on the photo plates of the «Palomar Observatory Sky Survey» (POSS) and listed it in his second publication of 1966 as Abell 81. Most of these 86 PNs discovered on the POSS photo plates are large and have a low surface brightness, which suggests that their stage of development is advanced. [331, 332]

IC 1454: Image taken with Hubble Space Telescope. © ESA/Hubble, NASA, Judy Schmidt [165]

Physical Properties

Simbad lists distances around 4200 pc. [145] SkySafari 6 lists a visual magnitude of 14.3. [149]

«Strasbourg-ESO Catalogue of Galactic Planetary Nebulae» Acker et al., 1992 [141]
DesignationsPN G117.5+18.9: IC 1454, PK 117+18.1, A55 67, A 81, ARO 376, VV' 568
Right Ascension (J2000.0)22h 42m 36s
Declination (J2000.0)+80° 26' 45"
Dimensions 28.5" (optical)
Expansion Velocity 46. km/s (O-III)
C-Star DesignationsAG82 446
C-Star Magnitude18.8 mag (B filter)
DiscovererABELL 1955

Finder Chart

The planetary nebula IC 1454 is located in the constellation Cepheus, which is from May through December best visible and high in the night sky. It can easily be found as it is on the western side of a conspicuous asterism of stars with 7th magnitude approximately between Errai (γ Cephei) and Polaris (α Ursae Minoris).

Finder Chart Planetary Nebula IC 1454
Planetary Nebula IC 1454 in constellation Cepheus. Charts created using SkySafari 6 Pro and STScI Digitized Sky Survey. Limiting magnitudes: Constellation chart ~6.5 mag, DSS2 close-ups ~20 mag. [149, 160]

Visual Observation

Description pending ...

More Objects Nearby (±15°)