Planetary Nebula Abell 24

Abell 24 (PK 217+14.1)
Abell 24 (PK 217+14.1): Planetary nebula in Canis Major; 500 mm Cassegrain 3625 mm f/7.2; SBIG STL11K; 60+3*30 min LRGB; Bernese Highlands; © 2011 Radek Chromik [32]


The planetary nebula Abell 24 was discovered in 1955 by the American astronomer George Ogden Abell on the photo plates of the «Palomar Observatory Sky Survey» (POSS). This survey was exposed on photographic plates with the 48 inch Oschin Schmidt Telescope on Mount Palomar in Southern California. In 1966 he published a second list of a total of 86 planetary nebulae discovered on the POSS photo plates. Most of the 86 PNs discovered on the POSS photo plates are large and have one low surface brightness, which suggests an advanced age of their developmental stage. [331, 332]

The designation PK 217+14.1 originates from the two Czechoslovak astronomers Luboš Perek and Luboš Kohoutek, who in 1967 compiled a catalog of all the planetary nebulae of the Milky Way known at the time. [146]

The lesser known designation ARO 137 originates from 1971 survey of microwave radiation from planetary nebulae conducted by Canadian radioastronomer Lloyd A. Higgs using the 46-metre Algonquin Radio Observatory in Ontario, Canada. [136, 137]

Abell 24
Abell 24: Image by VLT of ESO [412]

Physical Properties

The white dwarf star in the center of the nebula has about 0.7 solar masses, a surface temperature of 137,000 K and an evolutionary age of about 11'000 years. The nebula began to form around 20'000 years ago. [411] Distances range from 530 pc to 700 pc. Apparent Magnitudes: B 16.97 mag, V 17.18 mag. [145]

«Strasbourg-ESO Catalogue of Galactic Planetary Nebulae» Acker et al., 1992 [141]
Designations PN G217.1+14.7: A 24, PK 217+14.1, A55 17, ARO 134, VV' 73
Right Ascension (J2000.0) 07h 51m 39s
Declination (J2000.0) +03° 00' 27"
Dimensions 355." (optical), 296." (radio)
Radial Velocity +12.7 ± 4.0 km/s
Expansion Velocity 14.0 (O-III) km/s
C-Star Designations AG82 93, CSI +03 -07491, UBV 7572
C-Star Magnitude U: 15.82, B: 16.97, V: 17.18
Discoverer ABELL 1955

Finder Chart

The planetary nebula Abell 24 (PK 217+14.1) is located in the constellation Canis Minor (Lesser Dog). It lies south of the two 6 mag stars HR 3050 and BC Canis Minoris and forms an isosceles triangle with them. The best observation time is October to April.

Finder Chart Planetary Nebula Abell 24
Planetary Nebula Abell 24 in constellation Canis Minor. Charts created using SkySafari 6 Pro and STScI Digitized Sky Survey. Limiting magnitudes: Constellation chart ~6.5 mag, DSS2 close-ups ~20 mag. [149, 160]

Objects Within a Radius of 15°