Constellation Columba (Dove)

Columba
Columba: IAU Constellation Map [150]

Properties

The constellation is south of Orion, separated by Lepus. It is a rather inconspicuous constellation, the most striking feature of which is a wavy line of six stars that runs from east to west. The constellation covers 270 square degrees of the sky and culminates around midnight on December 17th. [9, 15]

Stars with Proper Names:

  • α Col: Phaet, Phakt, Phact, Phad
  • β Col: Wezn, Wazn
Data for constellation Columba [150]
IAU NameColumba
IAU GenitiveColumbae
IAU Abbr.Col
English NameDove
Season (47° N)November … February
Right Ascension05h 03m 54s … 06h 39m 37s
Declination-43° 06' 42" … -27° 04' 38"
Area270 deg2
Neighbours (N↻)Lep, Cae, Pic, Pup, CMa

Mythology and History

Columba is a constellation related to Argo Navis (today divided into Carina, Vela, Puppis, Pyxis). Some see it as the dove that showed the Argonauts the way between deadly rocks at the entrance to the Black Sea, others see it as Noah's dove, which Noah sent out after the flood to look for land.

The constellation was introduced by Johann Bayer in his Uranometria from 1603 and taken into an official list by the French Augustin Royer in 1679. [7]

Catalogs

Yale Bright Star Catalogue, 5th Revised Ed. (Hoffleit+, 1991) [154]
HR B F RA [hms] Dec [dms] vMag spType dMag Sep ["]
1743ο05 17 29.1-34 53 434.83 K0IV
1862ε05 31 12.7-35 28 143.87 K1IIIa
1926ν105 37 16.5-27 52 176.16 F0IV
1935ν205 37 44.6-28 41 225.31 F4V
1956α05 39 38.9-34 04 272.64 B7IVe v9.713.5
1996μ05 45 59.9-32 18 235.17 O9.5V
2040β05 50 57.6-35 46 063.12 K2III
2056λ05 53 06.9-33 48 054.87 B5V
2087ξ05 55 29.9-37 07 154.97 K1III
2092σ05 56 20.9-31 22 575.50 F2III
2106γ05 57 32.2-35 17 004.36 B2.5IV 8.333.8
2120η05 59 08.8-42 48 553.96 K0III
2171π106 06 41.0-42 17 556.12 Am
2177θ06 07 31.6-37 15 115.02 B9IV
2181π206 07 52.9-42 09 145.50 A0V 0.10.1
2256κ06 16 33.1-35 08 264.37 K0.5IIIa
2296δ06 22 06.8-33 26 113.85 G7II

Revised+Historic NGC/IC, Version 22/9, © Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke [277]
Open Clusters
NameRADecTypebMagvMagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification, Remarks
NGC 196305 32 10.8-36 22 50OCL14Cl, st 8…11ESO 363-SC5
Globular Clusters
NameRADecTypebMagvMagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification, Remarks
NGC 185105 14 06.3-40 02 48II7.112globular! vB, vL, R, vsvvbM, rrrGCL 9, ESO 305-SC16
Galaxies
NameRADecTypebMagvMagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification, Remarks
NGC 179205 05 13.8-37 58 47SBbc10.910.25.2 × 2.6vB, vL, mE 314°, glbM, rrESO 305-6, MCG -6-12-4, AM 0503-380, IRAS 05035-3802
NGC 180005 06 25.4-31 57 16IBm13.112.62 × 1.1pB, pmE, gpmbM, * 13 fESO 422-30, MCG -5-13-4, AM 0504-320, IRAS 05045-3201
NGC 180805 07 42.5-37 30 48SBa10.79.96.5 × 3.9B, L, E, psbMESO 305-8, MCG -6-12-5, AM 0505-373, IRAS 05059-3734
NGC 181105 08 42.5-29 16 35Sa14.513.61.7 × 0.4cF, S, lE, p of 2ESO 422-37, MCG -5-13-8, AM 0506-292
NGC 181205 08 52.8-29 15 06Sa13.512.61.2 × 0.9F, S, R, glbM, f of 2ESO 422-39, MCG -5-13-9, AM 0506-291, IRAS 05068-2918
NGC 182705 10 04.4-36 57 37SBc13.312.63 × 0.7vF, vmE, long ray, * 11 invESO 362-6, MCG -6-12-8, AM 0508-370, IRAS 05083-3701
NGC 187905 19 48.1-32 08 33SBm13.212.82.5 × 1.7vF, L, R, vgvlbM, * 12 pESO 423-6, MCG -5-13-16, UGCA 110, IRAS 05178-3211, DDO 232, AM 0517-321
NGC 198905 34 23.4-30 48 02E-S013.912.91.4 × 1.1vF, S, R, lbM, st nrESO 423-21, MCG -5-14-4, AM 0532-304
NGC 199205 34 31.8-30 53 49S0-a14.413.51.1 × 0.7eeF, vSESO 423-23, MCG -5-14-7, AM 0532-305
NGC 204905 43 15.1-30 04 41Sa13.612.72 × 1vF, S, R, bMESO 424-11, MCG -5-14-11, AM 0541-300
NGC 209005 47 01.6-34 15 03Sc12.011.24.9 × 2.4globular, B, pL, iR, gbMESO 363-23, MCG -6-13-9, AM 0545-341, IRAS 05452-3416
NGC 218806 10 09.7-34 06 18SBm12.111.74.2 × 1.1pF, pL, vmE, gvlbMESO 364-37, MCG -6-14-8, AM 0608-340
NGC 225506 33 58.6-34 48 42SBc14.213.51.5 × 0.7eF, S, lE, vlbMESO 365-31, MCG -6-15-10, IRAS 06321-3446
IC 212205 19 01.4-37 05 21E-S013.712.71.5 × 1.3pB, eS, R, 3 st nfESO 362-14, MCG -6-12-17, AM 0517-370
IC 213605 33 13.2-36 23 58Sc13.212.52.8 × 0.6eF, pS, eEIC 2135, ESO 363-7, MCG -6-13-4, AM 0531-362, IRAS 05314-3626
IC 215005 51 18.5-38 19 16Sc13.512.82.6 × 0.8eeF, S, vmE, v diffic, 3 st sESO 306-32, MCG -6-13-16, IRAS 05496-3819
IC 215306 00 04.8-33 55 10P14.513.51.1 × 0.8eF, vS, suspESO 364-22, AM 0558-335, IRAS 05582-3355
IC 215806 05 17.9-27 51 25SBab12.912.11.7 × 1.3vF, pS, lE, brush, * att nfESO 425-7, MCG -5-15-4, IRAS 06033-2751

References

7«Der grosse Kosmos-Himmelsführer» von Ian Ridpath und Wil Tirion; Kosmos Verlag; ISBN 3-440-05787-9
9«Drehbare Sternkarte SIRIUS» von H. Suter-Haug; Hallwag-Verlag, Bern
15«Hartung's Astronomical Objects for Southern Telescopes» by David Malin and David J. Frew; Melbourne University Press 1995; ISBN 0-522-84553-3
150IAU: The Constellations, 11. Oktober 2020; iau.org/public/themes/constellations
154Yale Bright Star Catalog, 15. Oktober 2020; tdc-www.harvard.edu/catalogs/bsc5.html
277«Historische Deep-Sky Kataloge» von Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke; klima-luft.de/steinicke (2021-02-17)