Constellation Chamaeleon (Chameleon)

Chamaeleon
Chamaeleon: IAU Constellation Map [150]

Properties

Chameleon is in inconspicuous constellation near the South Pole, south of the bright star Miaplacidus (beta Carinae). The stars are faint and hardly reach 4th magnitude. They roughly form the figure of an elongated diamond. The constellation covers an area of only 132 square degrees. The center culminates around midnight on February 28th. [9, 15]

Data for constellation Chamaeleon [150]
IAU NameChamaeleon
IAU GenitiveChamaeleontis
IAU Abbr.Cha
English NameChameleon
Season (47° N)Not visible
Right Ascension07h 26m 37s … 13h 56m 27s
Declination-83° 07' 12" … -75° 17' 24"
Area132 deg2
Neighbours (N↻)Car, Vol, Men, Oct, Aps, Mus

History

This constellation was introduced in 1603 by Johann Bayer in his Uranometria, the atlas of the entire starry sky. It represents the reptile of the same name, which is known for its ability to adapt the skin color to its surroundings. [7]

Catalogs

Yale Bright Star Catalogue, 5th Revised Ed. (Hoffleit+, 1991) [154]
HR B F RA [hms] Dec [dms] vMag spType dMag Sep ["]
3318α08 18 31.6-76 55 114.07 F5III
3340θ08 20 38.5-77 29 044.35 K2IIICN0.5 7.731.
3502η08 41 19.5-78 57 485.47 B8V
3795ι09 24 09.1-80 47 135.36 F3-5IV v
3860ζ09 33 53.2-80 56 295.11 B5V
3902ν09 46 20.6-76 46 345.45 G8III
3983μ110 00 43.7-82 12 535.52 A0IV
3997μ210 04 07.6-81 33 576.60 G6-8III
4174γ10 35 28.1-78 36 284.11 M0III
4231δ110 45 15.7-80 28 115.47 K0III 0.30.6
4234δ210 45 46.8-80 32 254.45 B2.5IV
4479π11 37 15.6-75 53 485.65 F1III
4583ε11 59 37.3-78 13 194.91 B9Vn 0.60.9
4605κ12 04 46.5-76 31 095.04 K4III
4674β12 18 20.7-79 18 444.26 B5Vn

Revised+Historic NGC/IC, Version 22/9, © Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke [277]
Planetary Nebulae
NameRADecTypebMagvMagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification, Remarks
NGC 319510 09 21.1-80 51 29PN11.511.60.7 × 0.5! planetary, pB, S, lE, 13s d, 3 S st nrPK 296-20.1, ESO 19-PN2, AM 1009-803
Galactic Nebulae
NameRADecTypebMagvMagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification, Remarks
IC 263111 09 52.4-76 36 57RN* 9 in L nebCED 112
Galaxies
NameRADecTypebMagvMagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification, Remarks
NGC 291509 26 13.6-76 37 36SBa13.312.71.9 × 0.9pF, pL, R, gbMESO 37-3, AM 0926-762, IRAS 09265-7624
NGC 314910 03 43.4-80 25 20Sb13.412.62 × 1.9F, S, lE, vlbM, * 15 invESO 19-1, IRAS 10043-8010
NGC 362011 16 05.0-76 13 02SBab14.113.32.7 × 1.1F, pS, pmE, gbMESO 38-10, IRAS 11143-7556
IC 310412 18 46.1-79 43 51IBm13.212.63.7 × 1.7eeF, cS, or vS Cl, * 12 sp 0'.5ESO 20-4, AM 1215-793, Pos of bright w knot

References

7«Der grosse Kosmos-Himmelsführer» von Ian Ridpath und Wil Tirion; Kosmos Verlag; ISBN 3-440-05787-9
9«Drehbare Sternkarte SIRIUS» von H. Suter-Haug; Hallwag-Verlag, Bern
15«Hartung's Astronomical Objects for Southern Telescopes» by David Malin and David J. Frew; Melbourne University Press 1995; ISBN 0-522-84553-3
150IAU: The Constellations, 11. Oktober 2020; iau.org/public/themes/constellations
154Yale Bright Star Catalog, 15. Oktober 2020; tdc-www.harvard.edu/catalogs/bsc5.html
277«Historische Deep-Sky Kataloge» von Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke; klima-luft.de/steinicke (2021-02-17)