CRL 2688, Egg Nebula

CRL 2688
CRL 2688: Egg Nebula, a preplanetary nebula; 500 mm Cassegrain f=5800 mm f/11.4; SBIG STL11K; 60+3*10 min LRGB; Bernese Highlands; © 2005 Radek Chromik

History

During the Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratory (AFCRL) Rocket Surveys, Price and Walker discovered a strong infrared emission from object CRL 2688 (AF 803-2935) in 1974. Martin Cohen identified this infrared source with an oval nebula on the photo plates of the «Palomar Observatory Sky Survey» (POSS). E. P. Ney coined the nickname "Egg Nebula" (Egg Nebula) in an article in the January 1975 issue of «Sky & Telescope». Other common names are V1610 Cygni, which refers to the variable star. [340, 341]

In Fritz Zwicky's 1971 «Catalog of selected compact galaxies and of post-eruptive galaxies» the object is listed at position IV Zw 067 with the comment «Pair of blue fuzzy oval compacts». This supposed galaxy made it into the Uppsala General Catalog published in 1973 as UGC 11668 and as PGC 3097220 and PGC 3099128 in the HyperLEDA database with a hypothetical escape speed of 2550±20 km/s. [134, 342]

In the 2001 edition of Kohoutek's «Catalog of Galactic Planetary Nebulae» the nebula is still listed in Table 5 for «Possible pre-Planetary Nebulae» as CRL 2688. The designation PK 80-6.1 is not mentioned there and came later. [146]

CRL 2688
CRL 2688: Image taken with the Hubble Space Telescope [343]

Physical Properties

This object is a post-AGB star (AGB = asymptotic giant branch), i. e. a star with 0.6 to 10 solar masses that is in a very late development phase or a preplanetary nebula. This is a very brief stage in stellar evolution and only lasts a few thousand years. The hot remains of the star in the center heat up the surrounding gas and make it glow. Since such proto-planetary nebulae only last a very short time and are very faint, not many have been discovered yet. V1610 Cygni was the first such discovery.

The central star is hidden behind a thick cloud of dust. Four rays shine through the nebula like searchlights. It is believed that jets emerging from the star cut ring-shaped holes in the otherwise impenetrable cocoon of dust, from which light can now escape. How this can come about is still unclear. It is believed that in the center there could be a binary system instead of a single star. The onion-skin-like structure of the diffuse nebula surrounding the central cocoon was created by periodic ejections of material from the dying star. Such ejections typically occur every few hundred years.

The distance from planetary nebulae is generally difficult to determine. It is estimated that V1610 Cygni is about 3000 light years away from us. [343]

R.A. (J2000)   : 21h 02m 18.27s 
Dec. (J2000)   : +36° 41' 37.0"
vis. Magnitude : 14 mag ... 15.5 mag (?)
Dimensions     : 33" x 23"

Further infos at CDS: PK 80-6.1

Finder Chart

The Egg Nebula is located in the constellation Cygnus (swan) . The best time to watch is April to November, when it is highest at night.

Chart CRL 2688
Chart created using SkySafari 6 Pro and STScI Digitized Sky Survey. [149, 160]

References

134Lyon-Meudon Extragalactic Database (LEDA); leda.univ-lyon1.fr
146«Version 2000 of the Catalogue of Galactic Planetary Nebulae» L. Kohoutek, A&A Volume 378, Number 3, November II 2001; DOI:10.1051/0004-6361:20011162
149SkySafari 6 Pro, Simulation Curriculum; skysafariastronomy.com
160The STScI Digitized Sky Survey; archive.stsci.edu/cgi-bin/dss_form
340«Studies of the infrared source CRL 2688» Ney, E. P.; Merrill, K. M.; Becklin, E. E.; Neugebauer, G.; Wynn-Williams, C. G.; Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 198, p. L129-L134 (1975); June 1975; DOI:10.1086/181829; Bibcode:1975ApJ...198L.129N
341«Optical identifications of AFCRL rocket infrared sources.» Cohen, M.; Astronomical Journal, Vol. 80, p. 125-127 (1975); February 1975; DOI:10.1086/111721; Bibcode:1975AJ.....80..125C
342«Catalogue of selected compact galaxies and of post-eruptive galaxies» Zwicky, Fritz; Zwicky, Margrit A.; Guemligen, 1971; Bibcode: 1971cscg.book.....Z; Bibcode:1971cscg.book.....Z
343Hubble images searchlight beams from a preplanetary nebula; esahubble.org/images/potw1217a (2021-05-12)