Constellation Vela (Sails)

Vela
Vela: IAU Constellation Map [150]

Properties

Vela, the sail of the great ship, lies in the ribbon of the Milky Way. The stars kappa and delta Velorum together with iota and epsilon Carinae form a large cross that is often confused with the southern cross further west by the ignorant and therefore False cross means. The area of the constellation is 500 square degrees and the center culminates around midnight on 11 February. [9, 15]

Stars with Proper Names:

  • γ2 Vel: Suhail Al Muhlif, Al Suhail Al Muhlif, "Spectral Gem Of Southern Skies"
  • λ Vel: Alsuhail, Al Suhail Al Wazn, Suhail
Data for constellation Vela [150]
IAU NameVela
IAU GenitiveVelorum
IAU Abbr.Vel
English NameSails
Season (47° N)December … March
Right Ascension08h 03m 27s … 11h 05m 50s
Declination-57° 10' 28" … -37° 09' 36"
Area500 deg2
Neighbours (N↻)Ant, Pyx, Pup, Car, Cen

History

The stars of the constellation Vela used to belong to the constellation Argo Navis and today they form part of what Lacaille has left from the original constellation. The other parts are Carina, Puppis and Pyxis. Argo Navis was the ship of the Thessalian hero Jason and his crew, the Argonauts from the Greek legend. It helped in the search for the golden fleece of the Aries and could speak and prophesy.

The brightest stars of the four sub-constellations of Argo Navis still have a continuous designation with Greek letters, as Johann Bayer had included the constellation in his uranometria before Nicolas Louis de Lacaille. [6, 7, 10]

Catalogs

Yale Bright Star Catalogue, 5th Revised Ed. (Hoffleit+, 1991) [154]
HR B F RA [hms] Dec [dms] vMag spType dMag Sep ["]
3206γ108 09 29.3-47 20 454.27 B1IV 2.341.2
3207γ208 09 32.0-47 20 121.78 WC8+O9I v2.341.2
3485δ08 44 42.2-54 42 301.96 A1V 3.02.2
3634λ09 07 59.8-43 25 572.21 K4.5Ib-II e12.618.2
3734κ09 22 06.8-55 00 392.50 B2IV-V
3786ψ09 30 42.0-40 28 003.60 F3IV+F0IV 0.50.7
3940φ09 56 51.8-54 34 043.54 B5Ib 8.337.2
4216μ10 46 46.2-49 25 122.69 G5III+G2V 3.71.7

Revised+Historic NGC/IC, Version 22/9, © Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke [277]
Planetary Nebulae
NameRADecTypebMagvMagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification, Remarks
NGC 279209 12 26.5-42 25 39PN13.511.60.35! planetary, pB = * 9, vS, R, am stPK 265+4.1, ESO 314-PN6, AM 0910-421, CS=13.8
NGC 289909 27 03.0-56 06 20PN12.211.81.95 × 1F, pL, R, gmbM, am 80 stPK 277-3.1, ESO 166-PN13
NGC 313210 07 01.8-40 26 10PN8.29.21.47!! planetary, vB, vL, lE * 9 m, 4s dPK 272+12.1, ESO 316-PN27, AM 1004-401, CS=10.1, Eight-burst planetary
Galactic Nebulae
NameRADecTypebMagvMagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification, Remarks
NGC 262608 35 31.0-40 40 20EN+RN5 × 5* 9 inv in pB, pL, R nebESO 313-N*4
NGC 273609 00 17.0-45 56 53SNR20 × 2! eeF, vL, vvmE 19°ESO 260-N14, Herschel's Ray, Pencil Nebula
Open Clusters
NameRADecTypebMagvMagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification, Remarks
NGC 254708 10 09.0-49 13 30II2p4.725Cl, B, L, lC, st 7…16OCL 753, ESO 209-SC18, AM 0808-490
NGC 264508 39 03.1-46 13 38II2p7.03Cl, S, st L and SOCL 754, ESO 259-SC14
NGC 265908 42 36.0-45 00 00III3m8.615Cl, L, Ri, pmE, st 11…14OCL 752, ESO 260-SC3
NGC 266008 42 38.0-47 12 02I3m8.83Cl, pS, mC, iR, gbM, st 13…15OCL 759, ESO 260-SC4
NGC 266908 46 19.0-52 56 06II3p6.114Cl, L, P, lC, st 10…13OCL 768, ESO 165-SC5
NGC 267008 45 30.0-48 47 30II2p7.87Cl, pL, P, lC, st 13…OCL 764, ESO 210-SC5
NGC 267108 46 12.0-41 52 38I3p11.65Cl, pRi, lCM, st 12…13OCL 745, ESO 313-SC14
NGC 284909 19 22.8-40 31 13II2m12.53eF, cL, R, vglbM, rrOCL 756, ESO 314-SC13
NGC 286609 22 06.5-51 06 08II2p20Cl, lCOCL 774, ESO 212-SC3
NGC 291009 30 29.0-52 54 50I2p7.26Cl, cL, pRi, pC, st 10…14OCL 781, ESO 166-SC17
NGC 292509 33 10.9-53 23 45III1p8.315Cl, pRi, pC, D * takenOCL 783, ESO 166-SC22
NGC 297209 40 11.5-50 19 13I1p9.95Cl, S, lRi, pC, st 13NGC 2999, OCL 778, ESO 212-SC11
NGC 298209 42 00.0-44 01 36III1p12Cl, P, E, st 10…11OCL 770, ESO 262-SC1
NGC 303309 48 40.0-56 24 42II3p8.812Cl, pL, pRi, iF, st 11…12OCL 796, ESO 167-SC6
NGC 310510 00 39.5-54 47 15I3p9.72Cl, C, lE, st 13…16OCL 798, ESO 167-SC14, AM 0958-543
NGC 322810 21 22.0-51 43 42I1p6.05Cl, 9 L and a few S stOCL 800, ESO 214-SC1
NGC 333010 38 46.0-54 06 54II2p7.46Cl, P, st 9…OCL 806, ESO 168-SC11
NGC 344610 52 12.0-45 09 36OCL6.5Cl, pL, P, lC, iF, st 9…13ESO 264-SC45
IC 239108 40 18.0-52 55 00II3p2.660Cl, co, incl. ο Velorum 3.7 magOCL 767, ESO 165-SC4, Omikron Vel cluster
IC 239508 42 30.0-48 06 30II3p4.613Cl, coOCL 763, ESO 210-SC3, vdB-Hagen 47
IC 248809 27 27.0-56 57 24II2m7.418Cl, coOCL 789, ESO 166-SC14
Globular Clusters
NameRADecTypebMagvMagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification, Remarks
NGC 320110 17 36.8-46 24 38X6.920globular, vL, iR, lCM, st 13…16GCL 15, ESO 263-SC26
Galaxies
NameRADecTypebMagvMagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification, Remarks
NGC 284509 18 36.9-38 00 35S0-a12.911.72.3 × 1.2vF, S, R, * 12 att sfESO 314-10, MCG -6-21-2, IRAS 09166-3747
NGC 3250 B10 27 44.5-40 26 08SBa13.712.72.2 × 0.6pB, pL, R, vgpsbM, * 13, 45°ESO 317-29, MCG -7-22-9, AM 1025-401, IRAS 10255-4010
NGC 325610 27 51.4-43 54 19Sb/P12.211.53.8 × 2.1cB, S, R, gmbMESO 263-38, MCG -7-22-10, VV 65, AM 1025-433, IRAS 10257-4338
NGC 3256 A10 25 51.1-43 44 51SBm15.014.41.3 × 0.6cB, S, R, gmbMESO 263-34, AM 1023-432
NGC 3256 B10 29 01.1-44 24 12SBbc13.813.01.9 × 0.5cB, S, R, gmbMESO 263-39, MCG -7-22-14, IRAS 10268-4408
NGC 3256 C10 29 05.8-43 51 01SBcd13.312.61.7 × 1.2cB, S, R, gmbMESO 263-41, MCG -7-22-16, FAIR 431, AM 1026-433, IRAS 10269-4335
NGC 326110 29 01.4-44 39 27SBbc12.011.23.5 × 2.8F, S, R, am stESO 263-40, MCG -7-22-15, AM 1026-442, IRAS 10268-4423
NGC 326210 29 06.1-44 09 36SB014.213.21.1 × 0.7eF, S, RESO 263-42, MCG -7-22-17
NGC 326310 29 13.3-44 07 22SBc12.511.95.1 × 1.4F, S, mE 280°, psbMESO 263-43, MCG -7-22-18, AM 1027-435, IRAS 10270-4351
NGC 328310 31 11.2-46 15 02S012.511.53.2 × 1.5pF, S, R, gbMESO 263-48, IRAS 10290-4559
NGC 331810 37 15.0-41 37 38SBbc12.211.62.3 × 1.2cF, pL, pmE, lbMESO 317-52, MCG -7-22-26, AM 1035-412, IRAS 10350-4122
NGC 3318 A10 35 31.2-41 44 25SBc15.815.11.3 × 0.4cF, pL, pmE, lbMESO 317-50
NGC 3318 B10 37 33.3-41 27 58SBc13.913.21.5 × 1.1cF, pL, pmE, lbMESO 317-53, MCG -7-22-27, AM 1035-411, IRAS 10353-4112
NGC 336610 35 08.1-43 41 37SBb12.011.31.8 × 0.8F, E, gbM, * 6·7 v nrIC 2592, ESO 264-7, MCG -7-22-24, IRAS 10329-4325, SAO 222170 (6.2) 1.5' n
NGC 348210 58 34.2-46 35 03SBa13.212.41.9 × 1.4eF, S, R, gbMESO 264-56

References

6«Das neue Lexikon; Band 1-10»; Weltbild Verlag; © Bibliographisches Institut, Mannheim 1984
7«Der grosse Kosmos-Himmelsführer» von Ian Ridpath und Wil Tirion; Kosmos Verlag; ISBN 3-440-05787-9
9«Drehbare Sternkarte SIRIUS» von H. Suter-Haug; Hallwag-Verlag, Bern
10«dtv-Atlas zur Astronomie» von Joachim Herrmann; Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag; ISBN 3-423-03006-2
15«Hartung's Astronomical Objects for Southern Telescopes» by David Malin and David J. Frew; Melbourne University Press 1995; ISBN 0-522-84553-3
150IAU: The Constellations, 11. Oktober 2020; iau.org/public/themes/constellations
154Yale Bright Star Catalog, 15. Oktober 2020; tdc-www.harvard.edu/catalogs/bsc5.html
277«Historische Deep-Sky Kataloge» von Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke; klima-luft.de/steinicke (2021-02-17)